Platonic Realism

Platonic realism is a philosophical term usually used to refer to the idea of realism regarding the existence of universals or abstract objects after the Greek philosopher Plato (c. 427–c. 347 BC), a student of Socrates. As universals were considered by Plato to be ideal forms, this stance is confusingly also called Platonic idealism. This should not be confused with Idealism, as presented by philosophers such as George Berkeley: as Platonic abstractions are not spatial, temporal, or mental they are not compatible with the later Idealism's emphasis on mental existence. Plato's Forms include numbers and geometrical figures, making them a theory of mathematical realism; they also include the Form of the Good, making them in addition a theory of ethical realism.

Plato's own articulation of realism regarding the existence of universals is expounded in his dialogue The Republic and elsewhere, notably in the Phaedo, the Phaedrus, the Meno and the Parmenides.

Read more about Platonic Realism:  Universals, Particulars, Criticism

Other articles related to "platonic realism, platonic, realism":

Platonic Realism - Criticism - Criticism of Concepts Without Sense-perception
... Plato's doctrine of recollection, however, addresses such criticism by saying that souls are born with the concepts of the forms, and just have to be reminded of those concepts from back before birth, when the souls were in close contact with the forms in the Platonic heaven ... Plato is thus known as one of the very first rationalists, believing as he did that humans are born with a fund of a priori knowledge, to which they have access through a process of reason or intellection — a process that critics find to be rather mysterious ...
Anathem - Philosophical and Scientific Content and Influences
... debate between characters espousing mathematical Platonic realism (called "Halikaarnians" in the novel) and characters espousing mathematical formalism (called "Procians" in the novel) ... espoused in Penrose's The Emperor's New Mind Platonic realism as a philosophical basis for works of fiction, as in stories from Penrose's The Road to Reality and the theory of aperiodic tilings, which ... The third discusses a "complex" Platonic realism, in which several realms of Platonic ideal forms (called the "Hylaean Theoric Worlds" in the novel) exist independently of the physical ...
Index Of Philosophy Articles (I–Q) - P
... Philosophical Radicals Philosophical realism Philosophical scepticism Philosophical School of Elis Philosophical schools Philosophical sin Philosophical skepticism Philosophical Studies ...
Universal (metaphysics) - Platonic Realism
... Platonic realism holds universals to be the referents of general terms, such as the abstract, nonphysical, non-mental entities to which words like "sameness", "justice", and "beauty" refer ...

Famous quotes containing the words realism and/or platonic:

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