Reconstructive Surgery"Reconstructive" redirects here. For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation).
Reconstructive plastic surgery is performed to correct functional impairments caused by burns; traumatic injuries, such as facial bone fractures and breaks; congenital abnormalities, such as cleft palates or cleft lips; developmental abnormalities; infection and disease; and cancer or tumors. Reconstructive plastic surgery is usually performed to improve function, but it may be done to approximate a normal appearance.
The most common reconstructive procedures are tumor removal, laceration repair, scar repair, hand surgery, and breast reduction. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, the number of reconstructive breast reductions for women increased in 2007 by 2 percent from the year before. Breast reduction in men also increased in 2007 by 7 percent. Some other common reconstructive surgical procedures include breast reconstruction after a mastectomy, cleft lip and palate surgery, contracture surgery for burn survivors, and creating a new outer ear when one is congenitally absent.
Plastic surgeons use microsurgery to transfer tissue for coverage of a defect when no local tissue is available. Free flaps of skin, muscle, bone, fat, or a combination may be removed from the body, moved to another site on the body, and reconnected to a blood supply by suturing arteries and veins as small as 1 to 2 millimeters in diameter.
Read more about this topic: Plastic Surgery
Other articles related to "reconstructive surgery, surgery":
... Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery is a one-year fellowship open to otolaryngologists and plastic surgeons who wish to specialize in the aesthetic and reconstructive surgery of the head, face, and neck ...
... Surgery need never be considered for genetically male (XY) infants because the excess androgens do not produce anatomic abnormality ... However, surgery for severely virilized XX infants is often performed and has become a subject of debate in the last decade ... The purposes of surgery have generally been a combination of the following To make the external genitalia look more female than male To make it possible for these ...
... Walter Bradford Cannon, was a pioneer in the field of reconstructive surgery, specialising in burn victims ... He was the first chief of plastic and reconstructive surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital and is credited with saving the lives of thousands of soldiers maimed during World War II ... Surgical Society, the New England Society of Plastic Reconstructive Surgery, and the American Association of Plastic Surgeons ...
... with systemic inflammatory rheumatic diseases and/or associated reconstructive surgery. 55% of patients enter the program following reconstructive surgery ... Have a diagnosis of rheumatic disease or related reconstructive surgery Be medically stable Have sufficient cognition, motivation and endurance adequate to benefit from ...
Reconstructive surgery is, in its broadest sense, the use of surgery to restore the form and function of the body, although maxillo-facial surgeons, plastic surgeons and otolaryngologists do reconstructive surgery on faces after trauma and to reconstruct the head and neck after cancer.
Other branches of surgery (e.g., general surgery, gynecological surgery, pediatric surgery, cosmetic surgery) also perform some reconstructive procedures. The common feature is that the operation attempts to restore the anatomy or the function of the body part to normal.
Reconstructive plastic surgeons use the concept of a reconstructive ladder to manage increasingly complex wounds. This ranges from very simple techniques such as primary closure and dressings to more complex skin grafts, tissue expansion and free flaps.
Cosmetic surgery procedures include breast enhancement, reduction and lift, face lift, forehead lift, upper and lower eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty), laser skin resurfacing (laser resurfacing), chemical peel, nose reshaping (rhinoplasty), reconstruction liposuction, nasal reconstruction using the paramedian flap, as well as tummy tuck (abdominoplasty).
Many of these procedures are constantly being improved. Recent literature in medline also has noted implementation of barbed suture in these procedures.
Famous quotes containing the word surgery:
“Ever since surgery began, mans destiny has been to suffer, in order that he might be cured. And no one can change that, gentlemen.”
—Jean Scott Rogers, and Robert Day. Mr. Blount (Frank Pettingell)