The pinyon (or piñon) pine group grows in the southwestern United States and in Mexico. The trees yield edible pinyon nuts, which were a staple of the Native Americans, and are still widely eaten. The wood, especially when burned, has a distinctive fragrance. The pinyon pine trees are also known to influence the soil in which they grow.
Some of the species are known to hybridise, the most notable ones being P. quadrifolia with P. monophylla, and P. edulis with P. monophylla.
The Pinyon Jay (Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus) takes its name from the tree, and pinyon nuts form an important part of its diet. It is very important for regeneration of pinyon woods, as it stores large numbers of the seeds in the ground for later use, and excess seeds not used are in an ideal position to grow into new trees. The Mexican Jay is also important for the dispersal of some pinyon species, as, less often, is the Clark's Nutcracker. Many other species of animal also eat pinyon nuts, without dispersing them.
The pinyon pine is very common in the Grand Canyon
... Chaenactis See Chaenactis, Asteraceae (- 7 -) Mojave pincushion - See Chaenactis xantiana (- 8 -) Pine - Pinus Pinguica - See Manzanita, (Pungens) Pink funnellily - Funnel ...
... Piñones piñon (or pine) nuts, a traditional food of Native Americans in New Mexico that is harvested from the ubiquitous pinyon pine tree ... Pine (pinyon) nuts Nuts of the pinyon pine often sold at roadside stands ...
... Genetic differentiation in the pinyon pine has been observed associated to insect herbivory and environmental stress ... There are eight species of true pinyons (Pinus subsection Cembroides) Pinus cembroides – Mexican Pinyon Pinus orizabensis – Orizaba Pinyon Pinus johannis ... discolor) Pinus culminicola – Potosi Pinyon Pinus remota – Texas Pinyon or Papershell Pinyon Pinus edulis – Colorado Pinyon or Two-needle Pinyon Pinus monophylla ...
... The pinyon pine nut (seed) species will take 18 months to complete its maturity however, to reach full maturity, the environmental conditions must be favorable for the tree and its cone ... The mature pinyon pine cone is ready to harvest ten days before the green cone begins to open ... until the cone opens on the tree (as it naturally will) and harvest the cone from the pinyon pine, followed by the extracting process mentioned above ...
Famous quotes containing the word pine:
“There is a higher law affecting our relation to pines as well as to men. A pine cut down, a dead pine, is no more a pine than a dead human carcass is a man.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)