Persian literature (Persian: ادبیات فارسی) is one of the world's oldest and most well-known literature. It spans two-and-a-half millennia, though much of the pre-Islamic material has been lost. Its sources have been within historical Persia including present-day Iran, Iraq and Azerbaijan, as well as regions of Central Asia where the Persian language has historically been the national language. For instance, Molana (Rumi), one of Persia's best-loved poets, born in Balkh or Vakhsh (in what is now Afghanistan or Tajikistan), wrote in Persian, and lived in Konya then the capital of the Seljuks. The Ghaznavids conquered large territories in Central and South Asia and adopted Persian as their court language. There is thus Persian literature from Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Pakistan, Tajikistan and other parts of Central Asia. Not all this literature is written in Persian, as some consider works written by ethnic Persians in other languages, such as Greek and Arabic, to be included. At the same time, not all literature written in Persian is written by ethnic Persians/Iranians. Particularly Indic and Turkic poets and writers have also used the Persian language in the environment of Persianate cultures.
Described as one of the great literatures of mankind, Persian literature has its roots in surviving works of Middle Persian and Old Persian, the latter of which date back as far as 522 BCE (the date of the earliest surviving Achaemenid inscription, the Behistun Inscription). The bulk of the surviving Persian literature, however, comes from the times following the Islamic conquest of Persia circa 650 CE. After the Abbasids came to power (750 CE), the Persians became the scribes and bureaucrats of the Islamic empire and, increasingly, also its writers and poets. The New Persian literature arose and flourished in Khorasan and Transoxiana because of political reasons - the early Iranian dynasties such as Tahirids and Samanids were based in Khorasan.
Persians wrote both in Persian and Arabic; Persian predominated in later literary circles. Persian poets such as Ferdowsi, Sa'di, Hafiz, Attar, Nezami,Rumi and Omar Khayyam are also known in the West and have influenced the literature of many countries. Persian literature has been considered by such thinkers as Goethe one of the four main bodies of world literature.
Read more about Persian Literature: Dictionaries, Persian Phrases, The Influence of Persian Literature On World Literature, Persian Literature Awards, Authors and Poets
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... Since 1974, he has been teaching courses in Persian literature, children’s literature, children’s drama, and creative management at several colleges and ... he taught at the Tehran Higher Institute of Foreign Languages and Literature, and the Tehran Higher Institute of Business Administration for four years ... He teaches graduate level courses in Persian Literature such as Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh (The Epic of Kings), Bayhaghi’s History, and courses Hafiz, Sa’di, Rumi ...
... Mohammad Moin (Persian محمد معین) (July 12, 1914, Rasht, Iran — July 4, 1971, Tehran, Iran) was a prominent Iranian scholar of Persian literature and Iranian Studies ... Institute of Science in Tehran and obtained his BA in literature and philosophy in 1934 ... in a thesis with the title "Mazdayasna and its Influence on Persian Literature" for which he received a PhD with honours in Persian literature and linguistics ...
... (( "Eminent Poetesses of Persian" by R.M ... Chopra, 2010.)) ...
... From Persian folklore in todays Iran by Persian ... The story of Leylie o Majnoon was known in Persian at least from the time of Rudaki and Baba Taher who mentions the lovers ... Although the story was somewhat popular in Persian literature in the 12th century, it was the Persian masterpiece of Nizami Ganjavi that popularized it dramatically in Persian literature ...
Famous quotes containing the words literature and/or persian:
“How simple the writing of literature would be if it were only necessary to write in another way what has been well written. It is because we have had such great writers in the past that a writer is driven far out past where he can go, out to where no one can help him.”
—Ernest Hemingway (18991961)
“Come, give thy soul a loose, and taste the pleasures of the poor.
Sometimes tis grateful for the rich to try
A short vicissitude, and fit of poverty:
A savory dish, a homely treat,
Where all is plain, where all is neat,
Without the stately spacious room,
The Persian carpet, or the Tyrian loom,
Clear up the cloudy foreheads of the great.”
—Horace [Quintus Horatius Flaccus] (658)