In linguistics, pausa (Latin for "break", from Greek "παῦσις" pausis "stopping, ceasing") is the hiatus between prosodic units. Some sound laws specifically operate in pausa only; for example, certain phonemes may be pronounced differently at the beginning or end of a word when no other word precedes or follows within the same prosodic unit, as in citation form. This is the case with the final-obstruent devoicing of German, Turkish, Russian, and other languages, where voiced obstruent consonants are devoiced pre-pausa as well as before voiceless consonants; the opposite environment is relevant in Spanish, where voiced fricatives become stops post-pausa as well as after nasals. These environments are often termed pre-pausal and post-pausal, respectively; the phrases in pausa and pausal form are often taken to mean at the end of a prosodic unit, in pre-pausal position, as pre-pausal effects are more common than post-pausal ones.

In English, the last stressed syllable before a pausa receives tonic stress, giving the illusion of a distinction between primary and secondary stress. In dialects of English with linking or intrusive R (a type of liaison), the r is not realized in pausa, even when the following word begins in a vowel. Similarly, French liaison does not operate in pausa.

In Arabic, Biblical Hebrew, and other Semitic languages, as well as in Egyptian, pausa affects grammatical inflections. In Arabic, short vowels, including those carrying case, are dropped before a pausa, and gender is modified: the Arabic alphabet has a letter ة for the feminine that is classically pronounced in pausa but in liaison. In Biblical Hebrew, /laχ/ (Hebrew: לך‎) is the general feminine form of 'to you' but also the pausal masculine form.

In Spanish, voiced fricative/approximants are pronounced as stops after a pausa, as well as after a nasal.

In Tuscan, the full infinitive form of the verb only occurs in pre-pausal position.

In Kombe, a word-final high tone becomes low or downstepped in pausa.

In Mehri, emphatic consonants become ejectives in pre-pausal position.

Other articles related to "pausa":

Pausa, Peru
... Pausa is a town in Central Peru, capital of the province Paucar del Sara Sara in the region Ayacucho ...
Vogtland - History
... with by the Margraviate of Meißen, effectually making Wiedersberg, Liebau, Adorf, Pausa, Neuenkirchen and Hirschberg (among others) Meißenian while Borna, Geithein and Kohren ... Lords of Plauen, as they called themselves, retrieved Auerbach, Pausa and Liebau as Meißenian tenure in 1379 ... In 1566, Augustus acquired the office and towns of Voigtsberg, Oelsnitz, Plauen and Pausa ...
Pausa (disambiguation)
... Pausa is, in linguistics, the end of a prosodic unit ... Pausa may also refer to Rest (music) ...
Art Van Damme - Discography
... Four Brothers (MPS, MPS 15236) 1970 Blue World (MPS 15277)(Pausa, PR 7027) 1970 Keep Going (MPS 15278)(Pausa, PR 7104) 1972 Squeezin' Art Tender Flutes (MPS 15372)(Pausa ...
Pausa (disambiguation) - Places
... Germany Pausa, Saxony Peru Pausa, Peru Pausa District Romania Păuşa (disambiguation), various places Păuşa River ...