Patto Segni - History

History

The party was founded in 1993 as a split from Democratic Alliance and as the continuation of the Populars for the Reform, a split from Christian Democracy in 1992, whose principal aim was electoral reform from proportional representation to a plurality voting system.

The party contested the 1994 general election within the Pact for Italy coalition, along with the Italian People's Party and with Mario Segni as candidate for Prime Minister. The PS included in its lists Republicans (Giorgio La Malfa, Alberto Zorzoli, Vittorio Dotti, Danilo Poggiolini and Carla Mazzuca), Liberals (Valerio Zanone, Pietro Milio and Luigi Compagna), Socialists (Giuliano Amato, Giulio Tremonti and Claudio Nicolini), Social Democrats (Enrico Ferri and Gian Franco Schietroma) and several former Christian Democrats (Mario Segni himself, Gianni Rivera, Alberto Michelini, Elisabetta Gardini, Michele Cossa, Livio Filippi, Vincenzo Viola, etc.).

The PS won 4.7% of the vote and 13 deputies, but soon after the election it split in many factions. The group around Alberto Michelini and Giulio Tremonti, for instance, founded the Liberal Democratic Foundation and decided to support the Berlusconi I Cabinet (Tremonti even became Finance Minister); by the 1996 they had joined Forza Italia.

In the 1995 regional elections, the Pact formed a list named Pact of Democrats, along with the Italian Socialists and Democratic Alliance, gaining mixed results and in November to Florence Gian Piero Ventura, secretary of the youthful group, it has founded the movement "Young People for The Olive Tree" with Romano Prodi e Walter Veltroni. In the 1996 general election the party was part of Italian Renewal and got eight seats at the Chamber of Deputies of Italy (Diego Masi, Giuseppe Bicocchi, Elisa Pozza Tasca, Gianni Rivera, Antonino Mangiacavallo, Gianantonio Mazzocchin, Bonaventura Lamacchia, Paolo Manca) and one seat at the Senate of the Italian Republic (Carla Mazzuca Poggiolini).

In 1999, after having contributed to the foundation of the Democratic Union for the Republic with Francesco Cossiga and Clemente Mastella, the PS attracted some former Radicals from Forza Italia (Marco Taradash and Giuseppe Calderisi), while others left the party to join The Democrats (Elisa Pozza Tasca, Danilo Poggiolini, Carla Mazzuca, Livio Filippi and Vincenzo Viola). In the 1999 European Parliament election the party formed a joint list with National Alliance and Segni was re-elected MEP.

In 2001 the PS decided not to present lists for the general election, but Michele Cossa, member of the Sardinian Reformers, the regional section of the party in Sardinia, was elected deputy in a single-seat constituency of Cagliari for the House of Freedoms centre-right coalition.

In 2003 the party was finally transformed into the Pact of Liberal Democrats.

Historical political parties in Italy
Communist
  • Communist Party of Italy
  • Italian Communist Party
  • Proletarian Unity Party
  • Proletarian Democracy
  • Movement of Unitarian Communists
  • Movement for the Left
Socialist and social-democratic
  • Italian Revolutionary Socialist Party
  • Italian Labour Party
  • Italian Socialist Party
  • Independent Socialist Party
  • Italian Reform Socialist Party
  • United Socialist Party (1922)
  • Labour Democratic Party
  • Social Christian Party
  • United Socialist Party (1949)
  • Italian Democratic Socialist Party
  • Unified PSI–PSDI
  • Italian Socialist Party of Proletarian Unity
  • Socialist Rebirth
  • Reformists for Europe
  • Reform Socialist Party
  • Democratic Party of the Left
  • Democrats of the Left
  • Socialist Party (1996)
  • Socialist League
  • Liberal Socialists
  • Italian Socialists
  • Italian Democratic Socialists
  • Labour Federation
  • The Italian Socialists
  • Democratic Left
Green
  • Green Lists
  • Rainbow Greens
Social-liberal
  • Radical Party (1877)
  • Constitutional Democratic Party
  • Democratic Liberal Party
  • Reform Democratic Party
  • Italian Social Democratic Party
  • Italian Republican Party
  • Party of Italian Peasants
  • Action Party
  • Republican Democratic Concentration
  • Popular Unity
  • Community Movement
  • Radical Party (1955)
  • Radical Federative Movement
  • Democratic Alliance
  • Democratic Union
  • Movement for Democracy – The Net
  • The Democrats
  • Democratic Republicans
  • Radicals of the Left
  • European Republicans Movement
Centrist
  • Patto Segni
  • Italian Renewal
  • United Consumers
  • Southern Democratic Party
  • Italian Democratic Movement
  • Middle-of-the-Road Italy
  • Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy
Christian-democratic
  • Italian People's Party (1919)
  • Christian Democracy
  • Italian People's Party (1994)
  • Christian Democratic Centre
  • United Christian Democrats
  • Christian Democrats for the Republic
  • Democratic Union for the Republic
  • European Democracy
  • Italy of the Centre
  • White Rose
Conservative-liberal
  • Italian Liberal Party
  • Italian Unionist Movement
  • National Democratic Alliance
  • Union of the Centre
  • Forza Italia
  • Liberal Party
  • Liberal Reformers
  • Italian Liberal Right
Conservative
  • Party of Combatants
  • Economic Party
  • Common Man's Front
  • National Union
  • Monarchist National Party
  • People's Monarchist Party
  • Italian Democratic Party of Monarchist Unity
  • National Democracy
  • National Alliance
Fascist
  • National Fascist Party
  • Republican Fascist Party
  • Italian Social Movement
  • National Front
  • National Social Front
  • National Vanguard
  • Italian Nationalist Association
Regionalist and Federalist
  • Sicilian Independence Movement
  • Federalist Party
  • Federalists and Liberal Democrats
  • Federalist Italian League
Coalitions of parties
Leftist coalitions
  • Popular Democratic Front
  • Alliance of Progressives
  • Together with the Union
  • The Left – The Rainbow
  • Anticapitalist List
Centre-left coalitions
  • Socialist Unity
  • The Olive Tree
  • The Sunflower
  • Socialists United for Europe
  • The Union
  • Rose in the Fist
Centrist coalitions
  • Pact for Italy
  • Pact of Democrats
Centre-right coalitions
  • National Democratic Union
  • National Bloc
  • Pole of Freedoms
  • Pole of Good Government
  • Pole for Freedoms
  • Whiteflower
  • House of Freedoms
  • Republicans, Liberals, Reformers
  • Pole of Autonomy
  • New Pole for Italy
Rightist coalitions
  • National Bloc of Freedom
  • Social Alternative
  • Politics of Italy
  • List of political parties in Italy
  • Current parties

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