Organic Matter - Vitalism

Vitalism

The equation of "organic" with living organisms comes from the now-abandoned idea of vitalism that attributed a special force to life that alone could create organic substances. This idea was first questioned after the artificial synthesis of urea by Friedrich Wöhler in 1828.

Read more about this topic:  Organic Matter

Other articles related to "vitalism":

Energy (esotericism) - Energy in Alternative Medicine - Vitalism and Spirituality in The Age of Electricity
... of special materials subject to special forces, a view which became known as vitalism ... Vitalism of Johannes Reinke and Eduard von Rindfleisch Entelechy of Driesch Élan vital of Henri Bergson Vis medicatrix naturae (healing force/power of nature) - Hippocrates later sometimes ...
Vitalism - Critical Opinions
... Vitalism has sometimes been criticized as begging the question by inventing a name ... of its soporific power." Thomas Henry Huxley compared vitalism to stating that water is the way it is because of its "aquosity" ... He also addressed vitalism more explicitly (pp ...
Philosophy Of Biology - Reductionism, Holism, and Vitalism
... Vitalism is the view, rejected by mainstream biologists since the 19th century, that there is a life-force (called the "vis viva") that has thus far been unmeasurable ... Mainstream biologists reject vitalism on the grounds that it opposes the scientific method ... have not been scientifically measured or verified, and thus reject vitalism ...
Golding Bird - Collateral Sciences - Chemistry - Vitalism
... Among these younger radicals were Bird and Snow among the old school was William Addison (a different person from Bird's superior at Guy's) ... Addison disliked the modern reliance on laboratory and theoretical results favoured by the new generation, and challenged Richard Bright (who gave his name to Bright's disease) when Bright suggested that the source of the problem in oedema was the kidneys ...
Emergentism - Relationship To Vitalism
... A refinement of vitalism may be recognized in contemporary molecular histology in the proposal that some key organising and structuring features of organisms, perhaps including even life itself, are examples ... integrated cell and organismal physiology “molecular vitalism.” Emmeche et al ... vital, etc.), as formulated in most forms (old or new) of vitalism, is usually without any genuine explanatory power ...