An Organic Act, in United States law, is an Act of the United States Congress that establishes a territory of the United States or an agency to manage certain federal lands. The first such act was the Northwest Ordinance, enacted by the U.S. Congress of the Confederation in 1787 in order to create the Northwest Territory. Next, the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1801 incorporated Washington, D.C. and placed it under the exclusive control of Congress.
The Organic Act for the Territory of New Mexico was part of the Compromise of 1850, passed September 9, 1850. Primarily concerned with slavery, the act organized New Mexico as a territory, with boundaries including the areas now embraced in New Mexico, Arizona, and southern Colorado.
Later Organic Acts have included:
- The Colorado Organic Act, which created the Territory of Colorado in 1861.
- The Arizona Organic Act, created the Territory of Arizona in 1863.
- The Montana Organic Act, created the Territory of Montana in 1864.
- The District of Columbia Organic Act of 1871, created a single municipal government for Washington, D.C.
- The Oklahoma Organic Act of 1889, established the Oklahoma Territory
- The Hawaiian Organic Act, enacted in 1900, established a government for the Territory of Hawaii.
- The Foraker Act or Organic Act of 1900, established civilian (limited popular) government in Puerto Rico.
- The Philippine Organic Act (1902), creation of an elected Philippine Assembly.
- The National Park Service Organic Act, establishing the National Park Service and the National Park System in 1916.
- The Organic Act of the Virgin Islands of 1936 (Pub.L. 74-749, 49 Stat. 1807, enacted June 22, 1936) established a government for the United States Virgin Islands, replacing previous temporary provisions (Pub.L. 64-389, 39 Stat. 1132, enacted March 3, 1917). It was repealed and replaced by the Revised Organic Act of the Virgin Islands of 1954 (Pub.L. 83-517, 68 Stat. 497, enacted July 22, 1954).
- Finally, the Guam Organic Act of 1950, transferred Guam to the United States Department of the Interior as an unincorporated territory.
Other articles related to "organic act, act":
... The National Park Service Organic Act (or simply "the Organic Act" within the National Park Service, conservationists, etc.) is a United States federal law that ... The Act was signed into law on August 25, 1916, by President Woodrow Wilson, and is located in Title 16 of the United States Code ... The act was sponsored by Rep ...
... The Philippine Organic Act (c ... on July 1, 1902, popularly known as the Philippine Bill of 1902, and sometimes known as the Cooper Act after its author Henry A ... Cooper, was the first organic act for the Philippines enacted by the United States Congress during the American Colonial Period in the Philippines ...
... When Congress passed the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, they called for a new permanent capital of the United States to be located on the Potomac River ... The Residence Act also provided for the selection of a three-member board of commissioners, appointed by the President, charged with overseeing the ... However, the Organic Act of 1801 officially organized the entire federal territory under the control of Congress, but did not establish an overarching government for the entire District as recommended ...
... Joseph Poindexter, invoked the Hawaiian Organic Act, 31 Stat ... and habeas corpus was suspended, pursuant to a section of the Hawaiian Organic Act ... The Organic Act therefore did not authorize the military to continue to keep civilian courts closed ...
Famous quotes containing the words act and/or organic:
“No legislation can suppress nature; all life rushes to reproduction; our procreative faculties are matured early, while passion is strong, and judgment and self-restraint weak. We cannot alter this, but we can alter what is conventional. We can refuse to brand an act of nature as a crime, and to impute to vice what is due to ignorance.”
—Tennessee Claflin (18461923)
“The human face is the organic seat of beauty.... It is the register of value in development, a record of Experience, whose legitimate office is to perfect the life, a legible language to those who will study it, of the majestic mistress, the soul.”
—Eliza Farnham (18151864)