Operation Blue Star
Operation Blue Star (Punjabi: ਬਲੂ ਸਟਾਰ, Hindi: ब्ल्यू स्टार (blyū sṭār)) 3–8 June 1984 was an Indian military operation, ordered by Indira Gandhi, then Prime Minister of India, to remove Sikh separatists from the Golden Temple in Amritsar. The separatists, led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, were accused of amassing weapons in the Sikh temple and starting a major armed uprising. These reasons are contested by some Sikhs who claim that Akal Takhat is a temporal seat and keeping weapons in Gurdwaras is well within the precincts of Sikhism. Dr Harjinder Singh Dilgeer says that Indira Gandhi attacked Darbar Sahib to present herself as a great hero in order to win forthcoming elections.
The operation had two components – --Operation Metal—confined to Golden Temple complex and—Operation Shop—to raid the countryside all over the Punjab to capture any suspects. Following it, a complementary operation was launched code-named: Operation Woodrose for thoroughly scanning the Punjab countryside to round up any suspects.
The operation was carried out by Indian army troops with tanks, artillery, helicopters and armoured vehicles. Actual casualty figures given by Kuldip Singh Brar put the number of deaths among the Indian army at 83 and injuries at 220. According to the official estimate, 492 civilians were killed. The military action led to an uproar amongst Sikhs worldwide and the increased tension following the action led to assaults on members of the Sikh community within India. Many Sikh soldiers in the Indian army mutinied, many Sikhs resigned from armed and civil administrative office and a few returned awards and honours they had received from the Indian government. Four months after the operation, on 31 October 1984, Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two of her Sikh bodyguards in what is viewed as an act of vengeance. Following her assassination, more than 3,000 Sikhs were killed in anti-Sikh pogroms. Within the Sikh community itself, Operation Blue Star has taken on considerable historical significance and is often compared to what Sikhs call 'the great massacre' by the Afghan invader Ahmad Shah Durrani, the Sikh holocaust of 1762.
Other articles related to "operation blue star, operation, blue":
... Though the operation was militarily successful, it was a huge political embarrassment - as the attack coincided with Sikh religious festival, a large number of pilgrims were staying inside the complex ... The opponents of Indira Gandhi also criticized the operation for unnecessary use of force ...
... filed by telex, provided the first non-governmental news reports on the bloody operation in Amritsar ... The bodies of the victims of military operation in Punjab were unceremoniously destroyed without any attempt to identify them and hand them over to their ... The government, after the operation, on the other hand, did every thing in its power to cover up the excesses of the army action ...
... attack on the holiest of the Sikh shrines at Amritsar and elsewhere in Punjab during Operation Blue Star ... On August 10, 1986 General Arun Vaidya, the architect of Operation Blue Star was shot to death by Jinda and Sukha while he was driving his car home from the market ... target on lists by Sikh militants and he was one of several people killed in retaliation for Operation Blue Star ...
... In June 1984, then-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ordered an attack on Sikh separatists belonging to the Khalistan movement who had holed up in the Golden Temple in Amritsar ... The operation resulted in 500-1,500 civilian deaths and heavy damage to the Akal Takht ...
... the premier baseball league in the United States of America and Canada, blue is one of the three colours, along with white and red, on the league's official logo ... A team from Toronto, Ontario, are the Blue Jays ... The Los Angeles Dodgers use blue prominently on their uniforms and the phrase "Dodger Blue" is may be said to describe Dodger fans' "blood" ...
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