Oligoclonal bands are bands of immunoglobulins that are seen when a patient's blood serum, gained from blood plasma, or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is analyzed.
Two methods of analysis are possible: (a) protein electrophoresis, a method of analyzing the composition of fluids, also known as "agarose gel electrophoresis/Coomassie Blue staining", and (b) the combination of isoelectric focusing/silver staining. The latter is more sensitive.
Each of the two to five oligoclonal bands seen by protein electrophoresis represent proteins (or protein fragments) secreted by plasma cells, although why exactly these bands are present, and which proteins these bands represent, has not yet been elucidated.
Other articles related to "oligoclonal band, oligoclonal bands":
... Oligoclonal bands are also found in Multiple sclerosis Lyme Disease Devic's disease Systemic lupus erythematosus Neurosarcoidosis Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis Subarachnoid hemorrhage ...
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