Olaus Laurentii (died 25 June 1438) was a Swedish ecclesiastic and archbishop of Uppsala.
Olaus Laurentii (who is known under the Latin form of his Swedish name Olof Larsson) came from Uppland and studied at the universities of Prague, Leipzig and Paris. He was elected Dean of Uppsala Cathedral in 1417 and archbishop in 1432. He was ordained in Rome 18 May 1432.
In the conflict between king Eric of Pomerania, the ruler of the Kalmar Union countries, and the archbishop Johannes Gerechini in 1419, Olaus acted on behalf of the king and as a diplomatic envoy to Rome in the negotiations to get Johannes Gerechini deposed and the Vadstena monk Johannes Haquini elected and ordained (1422) as new archbishop. When he died in 1432, the chapter elected Olaus new archbishop. Olaus had spent long periods in the previous years in Rome and was in good standing with the pope, but the king preferred bishop Arnold of Bergen. After Arnold died, he was replaced by Torlav of Bergen. Olaus had been ordained by the pope already in 1432, but was accepted by the king only in 1435, during the rebellion of Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson. In 1436, Olaus and the Privy Council of Sweden, over which he presided, turned their back on the king and joined the rebellion.
Olaus Laurentii is said to have died from poisoning by almond milk, and according to a later source the regent (later king) Karl Knutsson (Bonde) was responsible.
In 1435, Olaus consecrated the new Uppsala Cathedral which had been under construction for two centuries.
Other articles related to "olaus laurentii":
... As Olaus Laurentii, in 1432, was elected by the Chapter to become Archbishop of Uppsala and Sweden, the King Eric of Pomerania expressed his displeasure that he had not been consulted ... In response, he decided in 1433 while Olaus Laurentii was in Rome to be ordained that Arnold of Bergen should become Archbishop ... The king then decided to accept Olaus Laurentii as Archbishop after all ...
1432–1438 Olov Larsson (Olaus Laurentii) 1433–1434 Arnold of Bergen (unofficial) (Arend in Norwegian died 1434) was bishop of Bergen, Norway, and was never ordained as archbishop ... When Olaus Laurentii was elected by the Chapter to become Archbishop of Uppsala and Sweden, the Swedish King Eric of Pomerania was displeased because he was not consulted and therefor decided that Arnold of Bergen ... were resolved when Arnold died in 1434 then the king decided to accept Olaus Laurentii who had just returned from Rome ...