North Leigh - Early History

Early History

Green Wood fort, about 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the village in the grounds of Eynsham Hall, is an Iron Age hill fort.

The course of Akeman Street Roman road linking Cirencester with London forms part of the northern boundary of the parish. Two Roman villas have been excavated in the parish. One is about 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of the centre of the village and is not on display. The other, known as North Leigh Roman Villa, is about 0.5 miles (800 m) north of East End. It is under the care of English Heritage and is open to the public.

In 1928 the remains of eight Saxon burials from the 7th century AD were found less than 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the centre of the village. The toponym Leigh is also Saxon, derived from the Old English leah meaning a clearing. "North" distinguishes the village from South Leigh, less than 3 miles (5 km) to the south.

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