Nathan Bedford Forrest (July 13, 1821 – October 29, 1877) was a lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War. He is remembered both as a self-educated, innovative cavalry leader during the war and as a leading southern advocate in the postwar years. He served as the first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan, a secret vigilante organization which launched a reign of terrorism against African-Americans, Northerners who had moved to the postwar South, Southerners who supported the Union, and Republicans during the Reconstruction era in the Southern United States.
A cavalry and military commander in the war, Forrest is one of the war's most unusual figures. Less educated than many of his fellow officers, Forrest had amassed a fortune prior to the war as a planter, real estate investor, and slave trader. He was one of the few officers in either army to enlist as a private and be promoted to general officer and division commander by the end of the war. Although Forrest lacked formal military education, he had a gift for strategy and tactics. He created and established new doctrines for mobile forces, earning the nickname The Wizard of the Saddle.
He was accused of war crimes at the Battle of Fort Pillow for allowing forces under his command to conduct a massacre upon hundreds of black Union Army and white Southern Unionist prisoners. In their postwar writings, Confederate President Jefferson Davis and General Robert E. Lee both expressed their belief that the Confederate high command had failed to fully utilize Forrest's talents.
Other articles related to "nathan bedford forrest, forrest":
... that there is a proposal to issue specialty license plates honoring Forrest ... Forrest's legacy still draws heated public debate, as he has been called "one of the most controversial – and popular – icons of the war." ... the Civil War, for which the 2014 version featuring Forrest drew controversy in 2011 ...
... Nathan Bedford Forrest State Park is a state park in Benton County, Tennessee, in the southeastern United States ... The park is named after Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest (1821–1877), who conducted operations in the area during the U.S ... The park encompasses part of Forrest's operational area during the 1864 Battle of Johnsonville, in which Forrest attacked and destroyed a Union supply depot and transfer station on ...
Famous quotes containing the words forrest, nathan and/or bedford:
“Stupid is as stupid does.”
—Eric Roth, U.S. screenwriter. Directed by Robert Zemekis. Forrest Gump (Tom Hanks)
“Money certainly brings out the best in you, doesnt it?”
—Mark Hanna. Nathan Hertz. Harry Archer (William Hudson)
“A part, a large part, of travelling is an engagement of the ego v. the world.... The world is hydra headed, as old as the rocks and as changing as the sea, enmeshed inextricably in its ways. The ego wants to arrive at places safely and on time.”
—Sybille Bedford (b. 1911)