Sheikh Nasr Al-Madhkur (Arabic: الشيخ نصر آل مذكور) was the 18th century local governor of what was described by a contemporary account as an "independent state" in Bushire and Bahrain. The account by German geographer Carsten Niebuhr who visited the region at the time describes Sheikh Nasr as "the sole Monarch of the isle of Bahrain”. He lost Bahrain in 1783 after his defeat by the Bani Utbah tribal alliance at Zubarah in 1782.
The Al-Madhkur family was regarded as huwala - Arabs from Oman who had settled in Bushire, and led the Bushire Arabs on the Persian Gulf littoral. According to Carsten Niebuhr, the 18th century German geographer, the Bushire Arabs under the Al Madhkurs were one of three major Arab forces ruling parts of southern Persia in the 1760s. Although the Bushire Arabs lived on the Persian Gulf littoral they should not be confused with Huwalas, and did not share their sense of identity, at least according to Niebuhr. Niebuhr visited Bushire in 1765 and when he wrote of independent Arab states he included Bushire. However it seems likely that under the system of suzerainty, the Al-Madhkurs held at least nominal allegiance to governors in southern Persia.
In 1753, from their base in Bushire, the Al Madhkurs took over Bahrain, the position of which had been badly undermined by the chaos following successive invasions. Sheikh Nasr seems to have been using Bahrain as a place to send those suffering from leprosy and venereal disease.
Read more about Nasr Al-Madhkur: Bani Utbah's Victory Over Nasr Al-Madhkur At Zubarah in 1782
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