Preventive measures consist in limiting runoff generation and sediment production at the source. Alternative farming practices (e.g. reduced tillage) to increase runoff infiltration and limit erosion in their fields may assist.
Curative measures generally consist in installing retention ponds at the boundary between cropland and inhabited areas.
An alternative is to apply other measures than can be referred to as intermediate measures. Grass buffer strips along or within fields, a grassed waterway (in the thalwegs of dry valleys) or earthen dams are good examples of this type of measures. They act as a buffer within landscape, retaining runoff temporarily and trapping sediments.
Implementation of these measures is best coordinated at the catchment scale.
Read more about this topic: Muddy Flood
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