Morris Canal

The Morris Canal was a 107-mile (172-km) canal across northern New Jersey in the United States. In use from from the late 1820s to the 1920s, it stretched from Phillipsburg on the Delaware River eastward to Jersey City on the Hudson River. It was considered a technical marvel for its water-driven inclined planes to cross the northern New Jersey hills.

Completed to Newark in 1831, the canal was extended eastward to Jersey City between 1834 and 1836. It eased the transportation of anthracite coal from Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley to northern New Jersey's growing iron industry and other developing industries in New Jersey and the New York City area. It also carried iron ore westward to iron furnaces in western New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania until the development of Great Lakes iron ore caused them to decline. By the 1850s, the canal began to be eclipsed by the construction of railroads, although it remained in heavy use through the 1860s. It was leased to the Lehigh Valley Railroad in 1871, taken over by the state of New Jersey late in 1922, and formally abandoned in 1924.

Although it was largely dismantled in the following five years, portions of the canal and its accompanying feeders and ponds are preserved.

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Other articles related to "morris canal, canal":

Society For Establishing Useful Manufactures - History - Shift in Strategy
... In 1830, the society was involved in a dispute with the recently-formed Morris Canal and Banking Company, which had been chartered to build a canal connecting ... The Morris Canal Company had placed a dam on the Rockaway River and diverted water for its own purposes, thus reducing the volume of flow over the falls and ... The subsequent court decision allowed the Morris Canal to be built without disrupting the water supply to the falls ...
Gamaliel Bartlett - Morris Canal
... Bartlett was involving with bringing about the Morris Canal section and Morris Canal and Banking Company ... Membership of a committee which studied the practicality of a canal from Pennsylvania to Newark, New Jersey, consisted of two prominent citizens from each county (NJ ... in a lawsuit entitled President and Directors of the Morris Canal and Banking Co ...
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... City Subway runs along the route Big Basin Morris Canal Plaque at JFK Drive and Liberty Street Bloomfield NJ ...
Timeline of The Lehigh Valley Terminal Railway
... area railroads 1871 - The Lehigh Valley leases the Morris Canal, which includes the canal basin at South Cove in Jersey City ... Edgewater Railway is formed to construct lines on the north side of the Morris Canal basin ...
Lehigh Valley Railroad - History - 1870-1880
... market in the East was New York City, but the LVRR was dependent on the CNJ and the Morris Canal for transport to the New York tidewater ... In 1871, the LVRR leased the Morris Canal, which had a valuable outlet in Jersey City on the Hudson River opposite Manhattan ... Asa Packer purchased additional land at the canal basin in support of the New Jersey West Line Railroad, which he hoped to use as the LVRR's terminal ...

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