In computer science, Monge arrays, or Monge matrices, are mathematical objects named for their discoverer, the French mathematician Gaspard Monge.
An m-by-n matrix is said to be a Monge array if, for all such that
So whenever we pick two rows and two columns of a Monge array (a 2 × 2 sub-matrix) and consider the four elements at the intersection points, the sum of the upper-left and lower right elements (across the main diagonal) is less than or equal to the sum of the lower-left and upper-right elements (across the antidiagonal).
This matrix is a Monge array:
For example, take the intersection of rows 2 and 4 with columns 1 and 5. The four elements are:
- 17 + 7 = 24
- 23 + 11 = 34
The sum of the upper-left and lower right elements is less than or equal to the sum of the lower-left and upper-right elements.
Other articles related to "monge array, monge":
... A square Monge matrix which is also symmetric about its main diagonal is called a Supnick matrix (after Fred Supnick) this kind of matrix has applications to the traveling salesman problem (namely ...
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