Modernism

Modernism, in its broadest definition, is modern thought, character, or practice. More specifically, the term describes the modernist movement in the arts, its set of cultural tendencies and associated cultural movements, originally arising from wide-scale and far-reaching changes to Western society in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In particular the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed then by the horror of World War I, were among the factors that shaped Modernism. Related terms are modern, modernist, contemporary, and postmodern.

In art, Modernism explicitly rejects the ideology of realism and makes use of the works of the past, through the application of reprise, incorporation, rewriting, recapitulation, revision and parody in new forms. Modernism also rejects the lingering certainty of Enlightenment thinking, as well as the idea of a compassionate, all-powerful Creator.

In general, the term modernism encompasses the activities and output of those who felt the "traditional" forms of art, architecture, literature, religious faith, social organization and daily life were becoming outdated in the new economic, social, and political conditions of an emerging fully industrialized world. The poet Ezra Pound's 1934 injunction to "Make it new!" was paradigmatic of the movement's approach towards the obsolete. Another paradigmatic exhortation was articulated by philosopher and composer Theodor Adorno, who, in the 1940s, challenged conventional surface coherence, and appearance of harmony typical of the rationality of Enlightenment thinking. A salient characteristic of modernism is self-consciousness. This self-consciousness often led to experiments with form and work that draws attention to the processes and materials used (and to the further tendency of abstraction).

The modernist movement, at the beginning of the 20th century, marked the first time that the term avant-garde, with which the movement was labeled until the word "modernism" prevailed, was used for the arts (rather than in its original military and political context).

Read more about Modernism:  Present-day Perspectives, Criticism and Hostility

Other articles related to "modernism":

Modernism - Criticism and Hostility
... Modernism's stress on freedom of expression, experimentation, radicalism, and primitivism disregards conventional expectations ... Joseph Stalin, the Soviet Communist government rejected modernism on the grounds of alleged elitism, although it had previously endorsed futurism and constructivism ... The Nazi government of Germany deemed modernism narcissistic and nonsensical, as well as "Jewish" and "Negro" (see Anti-semitism) ...
Allan Antliff - Selected Publications
... Anarchist Modernism Art, Politics, and the First American Avant-Garde ... “Cosmic Modernism Elie Nadelman, Adolf Wolff, and the Materialist Aesthetics of John Weichsel,” Archives of American Art Journal ... Cubism and 'La Vie Unanime' in America,” American Modernism Across the Arts, eds ...
Camera Works: Photography And The Twentieth-Century Word
... the relationship between literary modernism and new media technologies in the early twentieth century such as photography, advertising, and film ... in new media of all kinds," but also provides a new way of reading modernism that locates some of its more formally innovative elements within writing's ... Conceding that any aesthetic movement as complex as modernism must be the result of numerous influences, North proposes that it was this "complicat the process of representation," produced in writing's ...
Belyayev Circle - Modernism
... This, he asserts, is actually a false assumption which suggests that modernism was the result of a gradual process ...

Famous quotes containing the word modernism:

    By Modernism I mean the positive rejection of the past and the blind belief in the process of change, in novelty for its own sake, in the idea that progress through time equates with cultural progress; in the cult of individuality, originality and self-expression.
    Dan Cruickshank (b. 1949)