Model Organism

A model organism is a non-human species that is extensively studied to understand particular biological phenomena, with the expectation that discoveries made in the organism model will provide insight into the workings of other organisms. Model organisms are in vivo models and are widely used to research human disease when human experimentation would be unfeasible or unethical. This strategy is made possible by the common descent of all living organisms, and the conservation of metabolic and developmental pathways and genetic material over the course of evolution. Studying model organisms can be informative, but care must be taken when extrapolating from one organism to another.

Read more about Model OrganismSelecting A Model Organism, Use of Model Organisms, Table of Model Genetic Organisms

Other articles related to "model organism, organisms, model, organism":

Marmorkrebs - Model Organism
... easy to care for, and reproduce at high rates, they are a potential model organism, particularly for studying development ... is the long generation time (several months) compared to other research organisms ...
Open Biomedical Ontologies - Related Projects
... consortium is to produce a controlled vocabulary that can be applied to all organisms even as knowledge of gene and protein roles in cells is accumulating and changing ... Generic Model Organism Databases The Generic Model Organism Project (GMOD) is a joint effort by the model organism system databases WormBase, FlyBase, MGI, SGD ... OBI provides a model for the design of an investigation, the protocols and instrumentation used, the materials used, the data generated and the type of analysis performed on it ...
Corn Smut - Uses - Model Organism
... maydis makes it an appealing model organism for research, although its relevance in nature is unknown ... genome is another advantage of this fungus as model organism ...
Model Organism - Table of Model Genetic Organisms
... the status of the genome sequencing project for each organism as well as whether the organism exhibits homologous recombination ... Organism Genome Sequenced Homologous Recombination Prokaryote Escherichia coli Yes Yes Eukaryote, unicellular Dictyostelium discoideum Yes Yes Saccharomyces cerevisiae Yes Yes Schizosaccharomyces pombe Yes Yes ... tropicalis) Yes No Homo sapiens (Notenot a model organism) Yes Yes ...

Famous quotes containing the words organism and/or model:

    Think of the earth as a living organism that is being attacked by billions of bacteria whose numbers double every forty years. Either the host dies, or the virus dies, or both die.
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    If the man who paints only the tree, or flower, or other surface he sees before him were an artist, the king of artists would be the photographer. It is for the artist to do something beyond this: in portrait painting to put on canvas something more than the face the model wears for that one day; to paint the man, in short, as well as his features.
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