# Modal Matrix

In linear algebra, the modal matrix is used in the diagonalization process involving eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

Assume a linear system of the following form:

where X is n×1, A is n×n, and B is n×1. X typically represents the state vector, and U the system input.

Specifically the modal matrix M is the n×n matrix formed with the eigenvectors of A as columns in M. It is utilized in

where D is an n×n diagonal matrix with the eigenvalues of A on the main diagonal of D and zeros elsewhere. (note the eigenvalues should appear left→right top→bottom in the same order as its eigenvectors are arranged left→right into M)

Note that the modal matrix M provides the conjugation to make A and D similar matrices.

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