The MIM-104 Patriot is a surface-to-air missile (SAM) system, the primary of its kind used by the United States Army and several allied nations. It is manufactured by the Raytheon Company of the United States, and derives its name from the Radar component of the weapon system. The AN/MPQ-53 at the heart of the system is known as the "Phased Array Tracking Radar to Intercept On Target" or PATRIOT. The Patriot System replaced the Nike Hercules system as the U.S. Army's primary High to Medium Air Defense (HIMAD) system, and replaced the MIM-23 Hawk system as the U.S. Army's medium tactical air defense system. In addition to these roles, Patriot has been given the function of the U.S. Army's anti-ballistic missile (ABM) system, which is now Patriot's primary mission.
Patriot uses an advanced aerial interceptor missile and high performance radar systems. Patriot was developed at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama, which had previously developed the Safeguard ABM system and its component Spartan and Sprint missiles. The symbol for Patriot is a drawing of a Revolutionary War-era Minuteman.
Patriot systems have been sold to Taiwan, Egypt, Germany, Greece, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, the Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Jordan and Spain. Poland hosts training rotations of a battery of U.S. Patriot launchers. It was first deployed in Morąg in 24 May 2010 but has since been moved to Toruń and Ustka. The Republic of Korea also purchased several second-hand Patriot systems from Germany after North Korea test-launched ballistic missiles to the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea) and proceeded with underground nuclear testing in 2006.
Other related articles:
... NATO Operators Germany Luftwaffe Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 1 Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 2 Flugabwehrraketengeschwader 5 Greece Hellenic Armed Forces 350 Guided Missiles Wing Netherlands Royal Netherlands Air Force 802 Squadron (PAC-3) 803 Squadron (PAC-3) Poland Polish Air Force Spain Spanish Army Regimiento de Artillería antiaérea 74 Turkey Turkish Air Force United States United States Army The US Army operates a total of 1106 Patriot launchers. 32d Army Air Missile Defense Command, FORSCOM 11th Air Defense Artillery Brigade 1st Battalion, 43d Air Defense Artillery Regiment 2d Battalion, 43d Air Defense Artillery Regiment 3d Battalion, 43d Air Defense Artillery Regiment 5th Battalion, 52d Air Defense Artillery Regiment 31st Air Defense Artillery Brigade 3d Battalion, 2d Air Defense Artillery Regiment 4th Battalion, 3d Air Defense Artillery Regiment 69th Air Defense Artillery Brigade 4th Battalion, 5th Air Defense Artillery Regiment 1st Battalion, 44th Air Defense Artillery Regiment 1st Battalion, 62nd Air Defense Artillery Regiment (United States) 108th Air Defense Artillery Brigade 1st Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery Regiment 3d Battalion, 4th Air Defense Artillery Regiment 35th Air Defense Artillery Brigade, Eighth Army 6th Battalion, 52d Air Defense Artillery Regiment 2d Battalion, 1st Air Defense Artillery Regiment 1st Battalion, 1st Air Defense Artillery Regiment 6th Battalion, 52d Air Defense Artillery Regiment 10th Army Air Missile Defense Command, USAREUR 5th Battalion 7th Air Defense Artillery Regiment 6th Air Defense Artillery Brigade, TRADOC 3d Battalion, 6th Air Defense Artillery Regiment Other Operators Bahrain Royal Bahraini Air Force Egypt Egyptian Air Defense Command Jordan Jordanian Armed Forces Israel Israeli Air Force (GEM+) Japan Japan Air Self-Defense Force Air Defense Missile Training Unit(PAC-3) 1st Air Defence Missile Group(PAC-3) 2nd Air Defence Missile Group(PAC-3) 3rd Air Defence Missile Group(PAC-2) 4th Air Defence Missile Group(PAC-3) 5th Air Defence Missile Group(PAC-2) 6th Air Defence Missile Group(PAC-3) Republic of Korea (South Korea) Republic of Korea Air Force(PAC-2) 1st Air Defense Artillery Brigade 2nd Air Defense Artillery Brigade Kuwait Kuwait Air Force In August 2010, the US Defense Security Cooperation Agency announced that Kuwait had formally requested to buy 209 MIM-104E PAC-2 missiles ...
Famous quotes containing the word patriot:
“Now rest in peace, our patriot band;
Though far from natures limits thrown,
We trust they find a happier land,
A brighter sunshine of their own.”
—Philip Freneau (17521832)