Militia

The term militia ( /mɨˈlɪʃə/), or irregular army, is commonly used today to refer to a military force composed of ordinary citizens to provide defense, emergency law enforcement, or paramilitary service, in times of emergency without being paid a regular salary or committed to a fixed term of service. It is a polyseme with multiple distinct but related meanings. Legal and historical meanings of militia include:

  • Defense activity or service, to protect a community, its territory, property, and laws.
  • The entire able-bodied population of a community, town, county, or state, available to be called to arms.
    • A subset of these who may be legally penalized for failing to respond to a call-up.
    • A subset of these who actually respond to a call-up, regardless of legal obligation.
  • A private, non-government force, not necessarily directly supported or sanctioned by its government.
  • An official reserve army, composed of citizen soldiers. Called by various names in different countries such as; the Army Reserve, National Guard, or state defense forces.
  • The national police forces in several former communist states such as the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries, but also in the non-aligned SFR Yugoslavia. The term was inherited in Russia, and other former CIS countries. See: Militia (Police).
  • In France the equivalent term "Milice" has become tainted due to its use by notorious collaborators with Nazi Germany.
  • A select militia is composed of a small, non-representative portion of the population, often politicized.

Read more about Militia:  Etymology, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Canada, China, Cuba, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Latvia, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Pakistan, Russia and The Soviet Union, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Texas, United Kingdom, United States, Vietnam, SFR Yugoslavia, Militia Service As A Civic Duty

Other articles related to "militia, militias":

Milicja Obywatelska
... Milicja Obywatelska ( Citizens' Militia or Civic Militia) was a state police institution in the People's Republic of Poland ... The term is derived from militia, which in turn claims its etymology from the concept of a military force composed of ordinary citizens ... Poland formed the Polish Citizen's Militia, a kind of police force, at the end of 1944, while Poland was still in a theater of war, but just before Europe ...
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Fluvanna County Militia - Origins
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