Military History of Hungary

The military history of Hungary includes battles fought in the Carpathian Basin, nations occupying Hungary, and the military history of the Hungarian people regardless of geography.

Hungary, due to its geographical position in the Carpathian Basin, one of the most fertile lands in Europe, was a common target of larger, more powerful nations such as Austria and the Ottoman Empire. The Magyar peoples, once conquered, did not take the loss of their nation lightly. In the period of its existence, Hungary has many historically-documented rebellions, including the Budai Nagy Antal Revolt in 1437 and The 1514 peasant rebellion, which was led by György Dózsa.

The Hungarians settled the Carpathian Basin in 895, after a somewhat unsuccessful war drove the Bulgars partially out of it. Led by Árpád, he would go on to lead a dynasty officially lasting until 1301, though the Drummond and House of Croÿ claim descent.

The Magyars continued to raid adjacent countries for many years, until forces of Eastern Francia led by Otto I defeated them at Lechfeld. Before their decisive defeat, the Hungarians demonstrated a use of siege weapons, including a battering ram at the Siege of Ausburg. After the death of the last king Demetrius Zvonimir of Croatia, he left no heir, so his wife Helen, the sister of Saint Ladislaus I of Hungary called the Hungarian troops to take control of the kingdom. After that, Croatia was attached to the Hungarian kingdom, and a personal union was forced. After Saint Ladislaus' death, his nephew, the King Coloman of Hungary ascended to the Hungarian throne. The feudal lords of Croatia elected a new king, and tried to get rid of the Hungarian occupation, and then the Hungarians took up arms against Croatia, and won a bloody victory at Gvozd Mountain. After this, Coloman was crowned as king of Croatia in 1102, but this was only a nominal title, because the Croatian kingdom itself was absorved into Hungary. The Croatian territories would get the independence finally in 1918.

Read more about Military History Of Hungary:  Early Hungarian Warfare, Era of Patrician Warfare, Notable Battles

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