The principle of Microscopic reversibility in physics and chemistry is twofold:
- First, it states that the microscopic detailed dynamics of particles and fields is time-reversible because the microscopic equations of motion are symmetric with respect to inversion in time (T-symmetry);
- Second, it relates to the statistical description of the kinetics of macroscopic or mesoscopic systems as an ensemble of elementary processes: collisions, elementary transitions or reactions. For these processes, the consequence of the microscopic T-symmetry is:
Corresponding to every individual process there is a reverse process, and in a state of equilibrium the average rate of every process is equal to the average rate of its reverse process.
Read more about Microscopic Reversibility: History of Microscopic Reversibility, Time-reversibility of Dynamics, Macroscopic Consequences of The Time-reversibility of Dynamics
Other articles related to "microscopic reversibility, reversibility, microscopic":
... there are two main macroscopic consequences of the time-reversibility of microscopic dynamics the principle of detailed balance and the Onsager reciprocal relations ... He discovered that the time-reversibility of the Newtonian dynamics leads to the detailed balance for collision in equilibrium collisions are equilibrated by their reverse ... Therefore, the microscopic reversibility was used to prove the macroscopic irreversibility and convergence of ensembles of molecules to their thermodynamic equilibria ...
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