Some microphones are intended for testing speakers, measuring noise levels and otherwise quantifying an acoustic experience. These are calibrated transducers and are usually supplied with a calibration certificate that states absolute sensitivity against frequency. The quality of measurement microphones is often referred to using the designations "Class 1," "Type 2" etc., which are references not to microphone specifications but to sound level meters. A more comprehensive standard for the description of measurement microphone performance was recently adopted.
Measurement microphones are generally scalar sensors of pressure; they exhibit an omnidirectional response, limited only by the scattering profile of their physical dimensions. Sound intensity or sound power measurements require pressure-gradient measurements, which are typically made using arrays of at least two microphones, or with hot-wire anemometers.
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Other articles related to "measurement microphones, measurement, microphone":
... To take a scientific measurement with a microphone, its precise sensitivity must be known (in volts per pascal) ... the lifetime of the device, it is necessary to regularly calibrate measurement microphones ... This service is offered by some microphone manufacturers and by independent certified testing labs ...
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