Microaggression - Types

Types

Sue et al. (2007) have expanded on the term microaggression by introducing four distinct forms of microaggression in the context of racial microaggression.:

Type Definition
Microassault An explicit racial derogation characterized primarily by verbal or nonverbal attack meant to hurt the intended victim through name calling, avoidant behavior, or purposeful discriminatory actions.
Microinsult Characterized by communications that convey rudeness and insensitivity and demean a person’s racial heritage or identity.
Microinvalidation Characterized by communications that exclude, negate, or nullify the psychological thoughts, feelings, or experiential reality of a person.
Microrape Characterized by predatory non-physical prurient communications with the intent to penetrate the victim's emotional security on the basis of heteronormative impositions.

Read more about this topic:  Microaggression

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