Medieval Gaels - History - Expansion

Expansion

In the 5th century, the Gaelic kingdom of Dál Riata emerged on the west coast of Scotland. It has long been held that Dál Riata, and Gaelic language in Scotland, came about due to a migration and/or hostile conquest from Ireland. However, some archeologists now argue against this, saying that there is no archeological or placename evidence for it. Gaelic language and culture soon spread to most of the rest of Scotland and eventually became the dominant one. This led to the Latin name for Gaelic speaking peoples, "Scoti," being applied to the state founded by the Gaels: "Scotland". Since that time Gaelic language rose and, in the past three centuries, greatly diminished, in most of Ireland and Scotland. The most culturally and linguistically Gaelic regions are in the north west of Scotland, the west of Ireland and Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia where the descendants of the Highland Clearances were transplanted

The Isle of Man (Manx: Ellan Vannin, 'Mannin's Isle', from the pre-Christian deity known as Manannán mac Lír) also came under massive Gaelic influence in its history. The last native speaker of Manx died in the 1970s, though use of the Manx language never fully ceased. There is now a resurgent language movement and Manx is once again taught in all schools as a second language and in some as a first language. A large part of the island's cultural heritage is Gaelic.

Read more about this topic:  Medieval Gaels, History

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