Medical Research Council (United Kingdom) - History

History

The MRC was founded as the Medical Research Committee and Advisory Council in 1913, with its prime role being the distribution of medical research funds under the terms of the National Insurance Act 1911. This was a consequence of the recommendation of the Royal Commission on Tuberculosis, which recommended the creation of a permanent medical research body. The mandate was not limited to tuberculosis, however.

In 1920, it became the Medical Research Council under Royal Charter. A supplementary Charter was formally approved by the Queen on 17 July 2003.

In August 2012 the creation of the MRC-NIHR Phenome Centre, a research centre for personalised medicine, was announced. The centre will be based at GlaxoSmithKline's research and development facility in Harlow, Essex, inheriting the anti-doping facilities used to test samples during the 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games. The centre will be led by Imperial College London and will be funded with two five-year grants of £5 million from the Medical Research Council and the National Institute for Health Research.

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