Martin Van Buren (Dutch: Maarten van Buren pronunciation ; December 5, 1782 – July 24, 1862) was the eighth President of the United States (1837–1841). Before his presidency, he was the eighth Vice President (1833–1837) and the tenth Secretary of State, under Andrew Jackson (1829–1831).
Van Buren was a key organizer of the Democratic Party, a dominant figure in the Second Party System, and the first president not of British or Irish descent—his family was Dutch. He was the first president to be born a United States citizen, his predecessors having been born British subjects before the American Revolution. He is also the only president not to have spoken English as his first language, having grown up speaking Dutch, and the first president from New York.
As Andrew Jackson's Secretary of State and then Vice President, Van Buren was a key figure in building the organizational structure for Jacksonian democracy, particularly in New York State. As president, he did not want the United States to annex Texas, an act which John Tyler would achieve eight years after Van Buren's initial rejection. Between the bloodless Aroostook War and the Caroline Affair, relations with Britain and its colonies in Canada also proved to be strained.
His administration was largely characterized by the economic hardship of his time, the Panic of 1837. He was scapegoated for the depression and called "Martin Van Ruin" by his political opponents. Van Buren was voted out of office after four years, losing to Whig candidate William Henry Harrison.
In the 1848 election Van Buren ran unsuccessfully for president on a third-party ticket, the Free Soil Party.
Other articles related to "martin van buren, van buren, van":
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... Whipple Bowstring Truss Bridge 01980-04-17April 17, 1980 Van Wyck Lane Claverack Shaw Bridge, currently closed to all traffic, is only bridge of this type with two spans in the ... collection of 18th- and early 19th-century buildings in Martin Van Buren's hometown ... Henry Ludlow House 01997-08-08August 8, 465 ... NY 23B Claverack Ludlow-Van Rensselaer House 01997-08-21August 21, 465 ... NY 23B Claverack Lynch Hotel 02005-06-10June 10 ...
... Van Alen (1776–1870), Clerk of Kinderhook, New York 1797-1801 delegate to the New York Constitutional Convention 1803 ... Justice of the Peace in New York ... Brother of Martin Van Buren ... Martin Van Buren (1782–1862), New York State Senator 1813-1820, Attorney General of New York 1816-1819, delegate to the New York Constitutional Convention 1821, U.S ...
... Calhoun (D) Y 1830 ... John Floyd (D) 1832 ... Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren (D) Y vacant 1833 William Cabell Rives (DR) 21DR 1834 Littleton Waller Tazewell (W) Sidney S ... Wyndham Robertson (W) William Cabell Rives (D) Martin Van Buren and Richard Mentor Johnson (D) Y vacant 1837 David Campbell (D) Richard E ... Martin Van Buren and Richard Mentor Johnson (D) N 1841 John M ...
... Van Buren County, Michigan is named after him ... It was so named in 1829 while Van Buren was Secretary of State ... Van Buren County is one of several counties named after Jackson or members of his cabinet for this reason ...
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