Marc Zaharovich Chagall (/ʃəˈɡɑːl/ shə-GAHL; Yiddish: מאַרק זאַהאַראָוויטש שאַגאַל; Russian: Марк Заха́рович Шага́л; Belarusian: Марк Захаравіч Шагал) (7 July 1887 – 28 March 1985) was a Jewish Russian-French artist associated with several major artistic styles and one of the most successful artists of the 20th century. He was an early modernist, and created works in virtually every artistic medium, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints.
Art critic Robert Hughes referred to Chagall as "the quintessential Jewish artist of the twentieth century". According to art historian Michael J. Lewis, Chagall was considered to be "the last survivor of the first generation of European modernists". For decades, he "had also been respected as the world's preeminent Jewish artist". Using the medium of stained glass, he produced windows for the cathedrals of Reims and Metz, windows for the UN, and the Jerusalem Windows in Israel. He also did large-scale paintings, including part of the ceiling of the Paris Opéra.
Before World War I, he traveled between St. Petersburg, Paris, and Berlin. During this period he created his own mixture and style of modern art based on his idea of Eastern European Jewish folk culture. He spent the wartime years in Soviet Belarus, becoming one of the country's most distinguished artists and a member of the modernist avante-garde, founding the Vitebsk Arts College before leaving again for Paris in 1922.
He had two basic reputations, writes Lewis: as a pioneer of modernism and as a major Jewish artist. He experienced modernism's "golden age" in Paris, where "he synthesized the art forms of Cubism, Symbolism, and Fauvism, and the influence of Fauvism gave rise to Surrealism". Yet throughout these phases of his style "he remained most emphatically a Jewish artist, whose work was one long dreamy reverie of life in his native village of Vitebsk." "When Matisse dies," Pablo Picasso remarked in the 1950s, "Chagall will be the only painter left who understands what colour really is".
Other articles related to "marc chagall, chagall, marc":
... House of Marc Chagall Vitebsk In the house in Pokrovskaia street, the artist's father built in the beginning of the 20th century, Marc Chagall spent his first youth ... well as copies of archives documents and of works by Chagall, relating the artist's and his family's life in Vitebsk ... Art Center Marc Chagall Vitebsk Created in 1992, it constantly organizes expositions of graphic works by Chagall (lithographs, xylographs, etchings, aquatints) ...
... an unabridged version of his biography of Marc Chagall, Marc Chagall, An Artist From Russia was reprinted and presented in a conference room at the Tretyakov Gallery with Marc Chagall’s ...
... In 1960, Brandeis University awarded Marc Chagall an honorary degree in Laws, at its 9th Commencement ... museum, named Musée National Message Biblique Marc Chagall ... It was completed and inaugurated on 7 July 1973, on Chagall's birthday ...
... Gustav Klimt, expressionism, 1907–1908 Marc Chagall 1911, expressionism and surrealism Franz Marc 1912, Der Blaue Reiter Robert Delaunay, 1911, Orphism Wassily ... German painter Ernst Kirchner), and the Expressionism of Edvard Munch, Egon Schiele, Marc Chagall, Amedeo Modigliani, Chaim Soutine and others. ... Artists as interesting and diverse as Marc Chagall, whose painting I and the Village, (above) tells an autobiographical story that examines the relationship between the artist and his origins ...
73 (July–December 1922) Sherwood Anderson, Constantin Brâncuşi, Marc Chagall, John Dos Passos, T ... Lawrence, Mina Loy, Franz Marc, Henri Matisse, Thomas Mann, Raymond Mortimer, Paul Rosenfeld, Arthur Schnitzler, Wallace Stevens, Edmund Wilson, William Butler Yeats Vol. 76 (January–June 1924) Marc Chagall, Padraic Colum, e ...
Famous quotes containing the words chagall and/or marc:
“When I am finishing a picture I hold some God-made object up to ita rock, a flower, the branch of a tree or my handas a kind of final test. If the painting stands up beside a thing man cannot make, the painting is authentic. If theres a clash between the two, it is bad art.”
—Marc Chagall (18891985)
“Imagination has seized power.
[Limagination prend le pouvoir.]”
—Graffito. Paris 68, ch. 2, Marc Rohan (1988)