Madurai - Geography and Climate

Geography and Climate

Madurai
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
20 30 20 14 32 21 18 35 23 55 37 25 70 37 26 40 36 26 50 36 25 104 35 25 119 34 24 188 32 24 145 30 23 51 29 21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Imperial conversion
J F M A M J J A S O N D
0.8 86 68 0.5 90 70 0.7 95 73 2.2 99 77 2.8 99 79 1.6 97 79 1.9 96 77 4.1 95 77 4.7 93 75 7.4 90 75 5.7 86 73 2 84 70
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Madurai is located at 9°56′N 78°07′E / 9.93°N 78.12°E / 9.93; 78.12 It has an average elevation of 101 metres. The city of Madurai lies on the flat and fertile plain of the river Vaigai which runs in the northwest-southeast direction through the city dividing it almost into two equal halves. The Sirumalai and Nagamalai hills lie to the north and west of Madurai. The land in and around Madurai is utilized largely for agricultural activity which is fostered by the Periyar Dam. Madurai lies southeast of the eastern ghats, the surrounding region occupies the plains of South India containing several mountain spurs. The soil type in central Madurai is predominantly clay loam, while red loam and black cotton types are widely prevalent in the outer fringes of the city. Paddy is the major crop, followed by pulses, millet, oil seed, cotton and sugarcane.

The municipal corporation of Madurai has an area of 147.977 km2. Madurai is hot and dry for eight months of the year. Cold winds are experienced during February and March as in the neighbouring Dindigul. The hottest months are from March to July. The city experiences a moderate climate from August to October, tempered by heavy rain and thundershowers, and cool and climate from November to February. Fog and dew are rare and occur only during the winter season. Being equidistant from mountain and sea, it experiences similar monsoon pattern with Northeast monsoon and Southwest monsoon, with the former providing more rain during October to December. The average annual rainfall for the Madurai district at large is about 85.76 cm.

Temperatures during summer reach a maximum of 40 °C and a minimum of 26.3 °C, though temperature over 42 °C is not uncommon. Winter temperatures range between 29.6 °C and 18 °C. A study based on the data available with the Indian Meteorological Department on Madurai over a period of 62 years indicate rising trend in atmospheric temperature over Madurai city, attributed to urbanisation, growth of vehicles and industrial activity. The maximum temperature of 42 °C for the decade of 2001 – 2010 was recorded in 2004 and in 2010.

Climate data for Madurai, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
32
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
24
(75)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
24
(75)
Precipitation mm (inches) 16
(0.63)
19
(0.75)
22
(0.87)
63
(2.48)
54
(2.13)
87
(3.43)
130
(5.12)
140
(5.51)
111
(4.37)
192
(7.56)
141
(5.55)
71
(2.8)
1,046
(41.18)
Avg. precipitation days 1 1 2 3 3 2 3 4 5 8 7 4 43
Source: World Climate Guide

Read more about this topic:  Madurai

Other articles related to "geography and climate, climate, geography":

Meru Betiri National Park - Geography and Climate
... The Meru Betiri area is influenced by monsoon wind ... During November to March, the westerly wind brings rainfall to the area, whereas the dry season occurs during April to October ...
Fremont, Sullivan County, New York - Geography and Climate
... The climate of the town is typical of the interior northeast ... Made up of hills of about 2,000 ft ...
Wallaroo, South Australia - Geography and Climate
... Wallaroo has a dry Mediterranean climate with seasonal temperatures a few degrees above Adelaide's temperatures ...
Walcott, Norfolk - History - Geology, Geography and Climate
... The geology and geography in the vicinity of Walcott have been shaped by past ice ages, sea incursions and rivers that have deposited material over ... Between 10,000 - 6000 BC the climate became warm and dry allowing alder, oak, elm lime into the region ... During the Bronze Age (2,500 - 800 BC) the climate slowly became cooler although the sea level continued to rise and around 750 BC the sea started to ...

Famous quotes containing the words geography and, climate and/or geography:

    At present cats have more purchasing power and influence than the poor of this planet. Accidents of geography and colonial history should no longer determine who gets the fish.
    Derek Wall (b. 1965)

    The question of place and climate is most closely related to the question of nutrition. Nobody is free to live everywhere; and whoever has to solve great problems that challenge all his strength actually has a very restricted choice in this matter. The influence of climate on our metabolism, its retardation, its acceleration, goes so far that a mistaken choice of place and climate can not only estrange a man from his task but can actually keep it from him: he never gets to see it.
    Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)

    Yet America is a poem in our eyes; its ample geography dazzles the imagination, and it will not wait long for metres.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)