The videography of American singer-songwriter Madonna consists of sixty-seven music videos, nine concert tour videos, four music video compilations, four music video singles, two documentaries, two box sets and four promotional videos. In 1982 Madonna signed a recording contract with Sire Records, a label owned by Warner Bros. Records, and released her first two singles before launching her eponymous debut album. Madonna's first music video was for the single "Everybody", for which Sire Records created a low budget, in-house video. Her first video to receive attention on MTV was "Borderline" which was followed by "Lucky Star". In 1984 Madonna released "Like a Virgin", the lead single from her second album of the same name. The video portrayed Madonna roaming through the streets of Venice and lying in a white wedding dress. The same year she also released the follow-up single, "Material Girl". Madonna's third studio album, True Blue, was released in 1986. The video for the lead single, "Live to Tell", ushered in a new image for Madonna. With the video of "True Blue", Madonna's impact on MTV and popular music was established when a contest entitled Making My Video, was held to create a music video for the song. "La Isla Bonita" and "Who's That Girl", both released in 1987, portrayed Madonna's fascination with Hispanic culture and the inclusion of religious symbolism. In 1989 Madonna signed a $5 million deal with Pepsi to use her song "Like a Prayer" in one of their commercial advertisements. Madonna also wanted to use the commercial for the global debut of the song and her similar titled studio album. However, when Madonna released the actual music video of the song it faced strong reaction from religious groups and media. The video portrayed Madonna dancing in front of burning crosses, receiving stigmata, kissing a black saint and having sex with him in a church altar. Her other notable videos released that year included "Express Yourself" and "Cherish" which were critically appreciated for their positive feminist themes.
In 1990 Madonna released the song "Vogue", which portrayed the underground gay subculture dance routine called voguing, as well as the glamorous look of Hollywood stars. The same year she released "Justify My Love", whose video featured Madonna in an erotic dream containing sadomasochism, voyeurism and bisexuality. MTV deemed the video too explicit and banned it from airing on their channel. In 1992 Madonna released her fifth studio album, Erotica. The similar titled lead single's video portrayed Madonna as a masked dominatrix. The video of "Deeper and Deeper" depicted Madonna as Andy Warhol's protégé Edie Sedgwick. In 1994 she released "Secret", the lead single from her sixth studio album, Bedtime Stories. The video showed scenes of rebirth, transvestites and damnation, which are interspersed with Madonna walking down a street to her home. "Bedtime Story", from the same album, showed a dream sequence, inspired by paintings of Frida Kahlo and Remedios Varo, while incorporating new age surrealistic images. In 1998, Madonna released her seventh studio album, Ray of Light. The music video for the lead single, "Frozen", ushered in a new image for her with the incorporation of Indian influences. The video for the title single was a high-speed one, portraying people going through their daily lives, with images of Madonna in black denim dancing to the music. Her fascination and incorporation of Asian culture continued with the video of "Nothing Really Matters" (1999) where she appeared as a geisha.
In 2000 Madonna released her eighth studio album, Music. The title single featured her in the role of a pimp while changing her image to that of a glamorous cowgirl. The video for the last single, "What It Feels Like for a Girl", portrayed Madonna going around the city in a car, accompanied by an old woman, and vandalising as well as committing crimes. This fascination for violence continued with the music videos of "Die Another Day" (2002) and "American Life" (2003), the lead single from her ninth studio album of the same name. The video for the latter, shot pre-Iraq war of 2003, portrayed a military-chic fashion show. Madonna's tenth studio album, Confessions on a Dance Floor, was released in 2005. The video for the lead single, "Hung Up", was a tribute to John Travolta and his movies. Her eleventh studio album, Hard Candy, was released in 2008; its lead single, "4 Minutes", portrayed her as a superhero, tackling physical obstacles. Her most recent music video for the song "Celebration" was critiqued as a return to her dance roots.
Madonna has worked with many successful directors and produced music videos that are considered by some as works of art. Her videos have depicted controversial subjects such as teen pregnancy, racism, religion, sex, and violence. In their book, The Madonna Companion: Two Decades of Commentary, authors Allen Metz and Carol Benson stated that more than any other recent pop star, Madonna has used MTV and music videos to establish her popularity and to enhance her recorded work. According to them:
"It's hard to imagine discussing many of her songs without discussing any of the related videos. Most of the controversy surrounding her most-discussed songs, notably "Like a Prayer", has to do with the video images created to promote the song, rather than the song itself. In fact, many of her seem more significant than they are because of the impact of the accompanying videos."
Madonna has been honored with 20 MTV Video Music Awards—the most for any artist—including the lifetime achievement "Video Vanguard Award" in 1986. In 2003, MTV named her "The Greatest Music Video Star Ever" and said that "Madonna's innovation, creativity and contribution to the music video art form is what won her the award."
Read more about Madonna Videography: Video Singles
Famous quotes containing the word madonna:
“In our minds lives the madonna imagethe all-embracing, all- giving tranquil mother of a Raphael painting, one child at her breast, another at her feet; a woman fulfilled, one who asks nothing more than to nurture and nourish. This creature of fantasy, this myth, is the modelthe unattainable ideal against which women measure, not only their performance, but their feelings about being mothers.”
—Lillian Breslow Rubin (20th century)