Macromolecule

A macromolecule is a very large molecule commonly created by polymerization of smaller subunits. In biochemistry, the term is applied to the four conventional biopolymers (nucleic acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids), as well as non-polymeric molecules with large molecular mass such as macrocycles. The individual constituent molecules of macromolecules are called monomers (mono=single, meros=part).

Read more about Macromolecule:  Usage, Properties, Examples

Other articles related to "macromolecule, macromolecules":

Reptation - Mechanism
... are characterized with effective internal scale, commonly known as the length of macromolecule between adjacent entanglements ... The linear macromolecules reptate if the length of macromolecule is bigger than ten times ... and conformational relaxation times of macromolecules depend on the length of macromolecule as and, correspondingly ...
Branching (polymer Chemistry) - Branching Index
... index measures the effect of long-chain branches on the size of a macromolecule in solution ... where sb is the mean square radius of gyration of the branched macromolecule in a given solvent, and sl is the mean square radius of gyration of an otherwise ...
Hill Equation (biochemistry)
... In biochemistry, the binding of a ligand to a macromolecule is often enhanced if there are already other ligands present on the same macromolecule (this is known as Cooperative ... It describes the fraction of the macromolecule saturated by ligand as a function of the ligand concentration it is used in determining the degree of cooperativeness of the ...
Cooperative Binding
... In biochemistry, a macromolecule exhibits cooperative binding if its affinity for its ligand changes with the amount of ligand already bound ... Cooperative binding requires that the macromolecule have more than one binding site, since cooperativity results from the interactions between binding sites ... binding of ligand at one site increases the affinity for ligand at another site, the macromolecule exhibits positive cooperativity ...
Macromolecule - Examples
... Some examples of macromolecules are bio-polymers (DNA, carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids), synthetic polymers (plastics, synthetic fibers, and synthetic rubber), graphene, and carbon nanotubes ...