Lumbar Ganglia

The lumbar ganglia are paravertebral ganglia. The lumbar portion of the sympathetic trunk typically has 4 lumbar ganglia. The lumbar splanchnic nerves arise from the ganglia here, and contribute sympathetic efferent fibers to the nearby plexuses.

The first two lumbar ganglia have both white and gray rami communicantes.

Nerves – autonomic nervous system (sympathetic nervous system/ganglion/trunks and parasympathetic nervous system/ganglion) (TA A14.3, GA 9.968)
Head/
cranial
Sympathetic
  • Ciliary ganglion: roots
    • Sensory
    • Sympathetic
  • Short ciliary
Parasympathetic
  • Ciliary ganglion: roots
    • Sensory
    • Parasympathetic
  • Short ciliary
  • Pterygopalatine ganglion: deep petrosal
  • nerve of pterygoid canal
  • branches of distribution: greater palatine
    • inferior posterior nasal branches
  • lesser palatine
  • nasopalatine
    • medial superior posterior nasal branches
  • pharyngeal
  • Submandibular ganglion
  • Otic ganglion
Neck/
cervical
Sympathetic
  • paravertebral ganglia: Cervical ganglia
    • Superior
    • Middle
    • Inferior
  • Stellate ganglion
Chest/
thorax
Sympathetic
  • paravertebral ganglia: Thoracic ganglia
  • prevertebral plexus: Cardiac plexus
  • Esophageal plexus
  • Pulmonary plexus
  • Thoracic aortic plexus
  • cardiac nerves: Superior
  • Middle
  • Inferior
Abdomen/
Lumbar
Sympathetic
  • prevertebral ganglia:
    • Celiac ganglia
    • Aorticorenal
  • Superior mesenteric ganglion
  • Inferior mesenteric ganglion
  • prevertebral plexus:
  • Celiac plexus
    • Hepatic
    • Splenic
    • Pancreatic
  • aorticorenal
    • Abdominal aortic plexus
    • Renal/Suprarenal
  • Superior mesenteric
    • Gastric
  • Inferior mesenteric
    • Spermatic
    • Ovarian
  • Superior hypogastric
    • hypogastric nerve
    • Superior rectal
  • Inferior hypogastric
    • Vesical
    • Prostatic / Cavernous nerves of penis
    • Uterovaginal
    • Middle rectal
  • splanchnic nerves: Lumbar splanchnic nerves
Enteric
  • Meissner's plexus
  • Auerbach's plexus
Pelvis/
sacral
Sympathetic
  • paravertebral ganglia: Sacral ganglia
  • Ganglion impar
  • splanchnic nerves: Sacral splanchnic nerves
Parasympathetic
  • splanchnic nerves: Pelvic splanchnic nerves

M: PNS

anat (h/r/t/c/b/l/s/a)/phys (r)/devp/prot/nttr/nttm/ntrp

noco/auto/cong/tumr, sysi/epon, injr

proc, drug (N1B)

Other articles related to "lumbar, ganglia":

Structure - Spinal Cord Segments
... results in the fact that sacral spinal nerves actually originate in the upper lumbar region ... Each segment of the spinal cord is associated with a pair of ganglia, called dorsal root ganglia, which are situated just outside of the spinal cord ... These ganglia contain cell bodies of sensory neurons ...