The Louisiana Purchase (French: Vente de la Louisiane "Sale of Louisiana") was the acquisition by the United States of America in 1803 of 828,000 square miles (2,140,000 km2) of France's claim to the territory of Louisiana. The U.S. paid 50 million francs ($11,250,000) plus cancellation of debts worth 18 million francs ($3,750,000), for a total sum of 15 million dollars (less than 3 cents per acre) for the Louisiana territory ($233 million in 2011 dollars, less than 42 cents per acre).
The Louisiana territory encompassed all or part of 15 current U.S. states and two Canadian provinces. The land purchased contained all of present-day Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska; parts of Minnesota that were west of the Mississippi River; most of North Dakota; most of South Dakota; northeastern New Mexico; northern Texas; the portions of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide; Louisiana west of the Mississippi River, including the city of New Orleans; and small portions of land that would eventually become part of the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan.
France controlled this vast area from 1699 until 1762, the year it gave the territory to its ally Spain. Under Napoleon Bonaparte, France took back the territory in 1800 in the hope of building an empire in North America. A slave revolt in Haiti and an impending war with Britain, however, led France to abandon these plans and sell the entire territory to the United States, who had originally intended only to seek the purchase of New Orleans and its adjacent lands.
The purchase of the territory of Louisiana took place during the presidency of Thomas Jefferson. At the time, the purchase faced domestic opposition because it was thought to be unconstitutional. Although he agreed that the U.S. Constitution did not contain provisions for acquiring territory, Jefferson decided to go ahead with the purchase anyway in order to remove France's presence in the region and to protect both U.S. trade access to the port of New Orleans and free passage on the Mississippi River.
Other articles related to "louisiana purchase, louisiana":
... in 1785 requested use of the land from Spanish authorities in the French-owned land before the Louisiana Purchase "to cultivate wheat, hemp, corn, tobacco ... Spanish governor in 1798 and reaffirmed in 1808 by the US after the Louisiana Purchase ... preparations and construction for the 1904 World's Fair, "The Louisiana Purchase Exposition" held in nearby Forest Park ...
... relationship with the Native Americans, until the Louisiana Purchase by the United States in 1803 ... The beginning point of all subsequent surveys of the Louisiana Purchase was placed in the Arkansas Delta near Blackton ... In 1993 it was named a National Historic Landmark and later a state park named Louisiana Purchase State Park ...
... University Hilltop Campus Historic District was the site of the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition and the 1904 Summer Olympics ... As construction proceeded, plans for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition incorporated the new buildings, leasing the campus and providing funding for more buildings ... commemorate Thomas Jefferson, who initiated the Louisiana Purchase, and to store the Exposition's records and archives ...
... Louisiana Purchase could be The Louisiana Purchase, in which the United States of America bought territory from the French ... Louisiana Purchase (musical), a 1940 musical about Louisiana politics ... Louisiana Purchase (film), a 1941 adaptation of the musical ...
Famous quotes containing the words purchase and/or louisiana:
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—Anna Elizabeth Dickinson (18421932)
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—Benjamin Harrison (18331901)