Literary Criticism in Iran - Modern Literary Criticism - Literary Critics - Mīrzā Fatḥ ʿAlī Ākhūnd'zādah

Mīrzā Fatḥ ʿAlī Ākhūnd'zādah

See also: Mirza Fath Ali Akhundzadeh

Considered the "founder of modern literary criticism in Iran," Mīrzā Fatḥ ʿAlī Ākhūnd'zādah used literary criticism as "the vehicle for his reformist impulse." Ākhund'zādah, because of his unfamiliarity with the Persian language and its prosody, made technical errors in some of his criticism, and was just as verbose and incoherent as those he attacked. However, he was the first critic in the modern tradition. He emphasized "realistic content in prose and poetry" and attacked the "decadence of Persian literature — a literature that failed to address the social needs of its time."

He published many works on literary criticism:

  • Qirītīkah ("Criticism")
  • Risālah-i īrād ("Fault-finding treatise")
  • Fann-i kirītīkah ("Art of criticism")
  • Darbārah-i Mullā-yi Rūmī va tasnīf-i ū ("On Rumi and his work")
  • Darbārah-i nazm va nasr ("On verse and prose")
  • Fihrist-i kitāb ("Preface to the book")
  • Maktūb bih Mīrzā Āqā Tabrīzī ("Letter to Mīrzā Āqā Tabrīzī")
  • Uṣūl-i nigārish ("Principles of writing")

Read more about this topic:  Literary Criticism In Iran, Modern Literary Criticism, Literary Critics