List of Sultans of Zanzibar - Sultans of Zanzibar

Sultans of Zanzibar

No. Sultan Full name Portrait Began rule Ended rule Notes
1 bin Said, MajidMajid bin Said Sayyid Majid bin Said Al-Busaid 01856-10-1919 October 1856 01870-10-077 October 1870 Bargash bin Said attempted to usurp the throne from his brother in 1859, but failed. He was exiled to Bombay for two years.
2 bin Said, BarghashBarghash bin Said Sayyid Sir Barghash bin Said Al-Busaid 01870-10-077 October 1870 01888-03-2626 March 1888 Responsible for developing much of the infrastructure in Zanzibar (especially Stone Town), like piped water, telegraph cables, buildings, roads, etc. Helped abolish the slave trade in Zanzibar by signing an agreement with Britain in 1870, prohibiting slave trade in the sultanate, and closing the slave market in Mkunazini.
3 bin Said, KhalifaKhalifa bin Said Sayyid Sir Khalifa I bin Said Al-Busaid 01888-03-2626 March 1888 01890-02-1313 February 1890 Supported abolitionism, like his predecessor.
4 bin Said, AliAli bin Said Sayyid Sir Ali bin Said Al-Busaid 01890-02-1313 February 1890 01893-03-055 March 1893 The British and German Empires signed the Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty in July 1890. This treaty turned Zanzibar into a British protectorate.
5 bin Thuwayni, HamidHamid bin Thuwayni Sayyid Sir Hamad bin Thuwaini Al-Busaid 01893-03-055 March 1893 01896-08-2525 August 1896
6 bin Barghash, KhalidKhalid bin Barghash Sayyid Khalid bin Barghash Al-Busaid 01896-08-2525 August 1896 01896-08-2727 August 1896 Was a belligerent in the Anglo-Zanzibar War, the shortest war in recorded history.
7 bin Mohammed, HamoudHamoud bin Mohammed Sayyid Sir Hamoud bin Mohammed Al-Said 01896-08-2727 August 1896 01902-07-1818 July 1902 Issued the final decree abolishing slavery from Zanzibar on 6 April 1897. For this, he was knighted by Queen Victoria.
8 bin Hamud, AliAli bin Hamud Sayyid Ali bin Hamud Al-Busaid 01902-07-2020 July 1902 01911-12-099 December 1911 The British First Minister, Mr A. Rogers, served as regent until Ali reached the age of 21 on 7 June 1905.
9 bin Harub, KhalifaKhalifa bin Harub Sayyid Sir Khalifa II bin Harub Al-Said 01911-12-099 December 1911 01960-10-099 October 1960 Brother-in-law of Ali bin Hamud. Oversaw the construction of harbor in Stone Town and tar roads in Pemba.
10 bin Khalifa, AbdullahAbdullah bin Khalifa Sayyid Sir Abdullah bin Khalifa Al-Said 01960-10-099 October 1960 01963-07-011 July 1963
11 bin Abdullah, JamshidJamshid bin Abdullah Sayyid Sir Jamshid bin Abdullah Al Said 01963-07-011 July 1963 01964-01-1212 January 1964 On 10 December 1963, Zanzibar received its independence from the United Kingdom as a constitutional monarchy under Jamshid.

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Al Said - List of Rulers - Sultans of Zanzibar
1856–1870 Sultan Majid bin Said 1870–1888 Sultan Barghash bin Said 1888–1890 Sultan Khalifa bin Said 1890–1893 Sultan Ali bin Said 1893–1896 Sultan Hamad bin Thuwaini 26 Aug ...
Sultans Of Zanzibar - References
... (1970), A History of Zanzibar A Study in Constitutional Development, 1934–1964, Nairobi East African Literature Bureau, OCLC 201465 ... (1967), Zanzibar Its History and Its People, Abingdon Routledge, ISBN 0-7146-1102-6, OCLC 186237036 ... Michler, Ian (2007), Zanzibar The Insider's Guide (2nd ed.), Cape Town Struik Publishers, ISBN 1-77007-014-1, OCLC 165410708 ...