List of States in The Holy Roman Empire (R)

This is a list of states in the Holy Roman Empire beginning with the letter R:

Name

Type

Circle

Bench

Formed

Notes

Rantzau
Ranzau
Rantzow
County Low Sax Acquired Barmstedt
Rapperswil
Rapperschwyl
Lordship
1232/1233: HRE County
1200: Rapperswil founded
1229: 1st mention of Rapperswil castle
1309: Inherited by the Counts of Habsburg-Laufenburg
Town bought itself free from Austria
1442: Joined the Swiss Confederation
Rappoltstein
Ribeaupierre
Lordship
HRE County
Ratzeburg Bishopric
1180: HRE Prince-Bishopric
Low Sax EC 1180: Partitioned from older Duchy of Saxony
1236: Undisputed Imperial immediacy
1648: Secularized as a principality to Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Ratzeburg Principality Low Sax 1648: Secularized to Mecklenburg-Strelitz Held by D. of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Ravensberg 1180: County Low Rhen 1150: est. as fief of the older Duchy of Saxony
1180: Partitioned from the older Duchy of Saxony
Before 1180: Fief of the older Duchy of Saxony, until emperor deposed Henry the Lion
1180: Gained Imperial immediacy at the carve-up of the older Duchy of Saxony
1346: To Counts of Berg
1348: To Dukes of Julich
1521: To Dukes of Kleve
1614: To Brandenburg
Ravensburg Imperial Free City Swab SW 1276 1803: Mediatized to Bavaria
1810: Annexed to Württemberg
Ravenstein Barony 12th Century 1528: Annexed to Cleves
Rechberg Lordship
1577: HRE Barony
1626: HRE County
1179: 1st mention of Rechberg
1806: Mediatised to Wurttemberg
Rechberg and Rothenlöwen
Baron of Rechberg at Hohenrechberg
1601: HRE Barony
County
1613?: Imperial Estate
1745: Renamed from L. of Osterberg
1810: Bavarian Counts
Rechteren-Limpurg-Speckfeld County Franc FR 1713: Renamed from Rechteren when inherited a portion of Limpurg
Reckheim 1623: HRE County To Aspremont-Lynden
Regensburg
Ratisbon
Ratisbone
739: Bishopric Bav EC 919 1500: Bavarian Circle
1793: Council of Princes
1802: Principality of Regensburg-Aschaffenburg
1803: Archbishopric (merged with Mainz)
Regensburg
Ratisbon
Ratisbone
1803: Archbishopric-Electorate Bav EC 1803 (merged with Archbishopric of Mainz) 1810: To Bavaria
Regensburg 1180: Imperial Free City Bav SW 1180 1190-1245: Imperial administration
1500: Bavarian Circle
1802: Administered by Mainz
1803: Annexed to Bp. of Regensburg
1810: French administration
1810: Annexed to Bavaria
Regenstein County n/a 1160: Partitioned from Blankenburg 1366: Annexed to Hainburg
Regenstein County Low Sax PR Created of a union between Blankenburg and Hainburg Annexed to the Prince Bishopric of Halberstadt in 1599
Reichelsberg
Reichsberg
Lordship
HRE County
1500: Franconian Circle
To Schonborn
Reichenau RA 724: Monastery founded
Reichenstein HRE County 1698: Acquired by Nesselrode
Reichenweier Lordship
Reipoltskirchen HRE Lordship Upp Rhen
Remiremont 620: Abbey
1290: HRE Princess-Abbess
620: Abbey founded
1070: Imperial estate
1790: Secularized and annexed to France
Reuß (Reuss) 1673: Imperial County Upp Sax PR c1010 c1206: Partitioned into Reuss-Gera, Reuss-Plauen and Reuss-Weida
Reuß-Berg County Upp Sax PR 1583: Partitioned from Reuß-Unter-Greiz 1640: Annexed to Reuß-Unter-Greiz
Reuß-Ebersdorf County
1806: Principality
Upp Sax PR 1678: Partitioned from Reuß-Lobenstein
Reuß-Gera County Upp Sax PR c1206: Partitioned from Reuß 1479: Annexed to Reuß-Lobenstein
Reuß-Gera County Upp Sax PR 1647: Partitioned from Reuß-Schleiz 1802: Divided between Reuß-Lobenstein and Reuß-Schleiz
Reuß-Greiz
Prince Reuss, Count and Lord of Plauen, Lord of Greiz, Kranichfeld, Gera, Schleiz & Lobenstein
County
1778: Principality
Upp Sax PR 1303: Partitioned from Reuß-Plauen
1583: Partitioned from Reuß-Unter-Greiz
1564: Partitioned into Reuss-Ober-Greiz, Reuss-Schleiz and Reuss-Unter-Greiz
1604: Partitioned into Reuß-Ober-Greiz and Reuß-Unter-Greiz
1768: Union of Reuß-Ober-Greiz and Reuß-Unter-Greiz
Reuß-Hirschberg County Upp Sax PR 1678: Partitioned from Reuß-Lobenstein 1711: Divided between Reuß-Ebersdorf and Reuß-Lobenstein
Reuß-Hof County Upp Sax PR 1225: Partitioned from Reuß-Weida 1264: Re-annexed to Reuß-Weida
1288: Recreated on partition in 1288
1411: Annexed to Nuremberg
Reuß-Lobenstein
Prince Reuss, Count and Lord of Plauen, Lord of Greiz, Kranichfeld, Gera, Schleiz & Lobenstein
1673: County
1790: Principality
Upp Sax PR 1425: Partitioned from Reuß-Gera
1647: Partitioned from Reuß-Schleiz
1547: Annexed to Reuß-Plauen
1824: Lobenstein became part of Reuss-Ebersdorf
Reuß-Ober-Greiz County Upp Sax PR 1564: Partitioned from Reuß-Greiz 1768: Renamed to Reuß-Greiz
Reuß-Osterstein-Ronneberg County Upp Sax PR 1225: Partitioned from Reuß-Weida 1253: Re-annexed to Reuß-Weida
Reuß-Plauen County Upp Sax PR c1206: Partitioned from Reuß 1569: Divided between Reuß-Greiz and Saxony
Reuß-Saalburg County Upp Sax PR 1647: Partitioned from Reuß-Schleiz 1666: Re-annexed to Reuß-Schleiz
Reuß-Schleiz
Prince Reuss, Count and Lord of Plauen, Lord of Gera, Kranichfeld, Greiz, Schleiz & Lobenstein
County
1806: HRE Prince
Upp Sax PR 1564: Partitioned from Reuß-Greiz
Reuß-Selbitz County Upp Sax PR 1710: Partitioned from Reuß-Lobenstein 1805: Re-annexed to Reuß-Lobenstein
Reuß-Unter-Greiz County Upp Sax PR 1564: Partitioned from Reuß-Greiz 1583: Partitioned into Reuß-Berg and Reuß-Greiz
Reuß-Unter-Greiz County
1673: Principality
Upp Sax PR 1604: Partitioned from Reuß-Greiz 1768: Annexed to Reuß-Ober-Greiz
Reuß-Weida County Upp Sax PR c1206: Partitioned from Reuß 1532: Partitioned several times. Annexed to Saxony
Reutlingen Imperial Free City Swab SW 1240 1803: Mediatized to Württemberg
Rheda Lordship 1190: To Lords of Lippe
1364: To Counts of Tecklenburg
1605: To Counts of Bentheim-Tecklenburg
1808: To Grand Duchy of Berg
1818: To Kingdom of Prussia
Rheina-Wolbeck 1802: Principality To 1082: Part of Bishopric of Munster
1806: To Grand Duchy of Berg
1811: Annexed to France
1815: To Prussia
Rheineck Lordship
Burgraviate
El Rhin 1512: Electoral Rhenish Circle
1654: To Sinzendorf-Ernstbrunn
1806: To the Prince-Primate Karl Theodor von Dalberg
Rheinfelden Lordship
Rheinfelden Imperial city 1225 1330: Sold to Habsburg
Rheingau Rhinegraviate 937 1361: Annexed to Wild-Rhine
Rheintal Lordship / Bailiwick 1348: United under the County of Werdenberg 1395: Purchased by Habsburgs
1405: To Appenzell
1424: to County of Toggenburg
1464: Condominium of the Old Swiss Confederation
1798: Absorbed into the Canton of Säntis
Rickingen 1310: County 1310; Partitioned from Leiningen 1310: Created as a County ruled by Leiningen
1668: Annexed to Leiningen-Hartenburg
Riedesel zu Eisenbach Lordship
Riedlingen Imperial Free City?
Rieneck Lordship
1641: County
Franc 1619: Partitioned from Nostitz 1106/1108: Rieneck inherited by Count of Loon in Brabant who married its heiress
1156/1157: 1st mention of "of Rieneck" by the Counts of Loon
1179: 1st mention of Rieneck castle
c1200: Division into Loon and Rieneck
1366: Rieneck becomes a fief of Mainz
1500: Franconian Circle
1559: Line of counts died out; Reineck reverted to Mainz and Wurzburg
1673: Sold to Nostitz by Mainz
1796: Partitioned into Thürmitz and Tschochau
1815: To Bavaria
Rietberg 1237: County
1353: HRE County
Low Rhen 1237 1353: Imperial immediate estate
1456: Under sovereignty of Landgraves of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel)
1526/1577: Passed by female inheritance to the Counts of East Frisia
1690/1702: Passed by female inheritance to the Counts of Kaunitz
1807: Annexed to Kingdom of Westphalia
1815: To Prussia
Rochefort County 1454: Partitioned from Arenberg 1544: Annexed to Stolberg-Rochefort
Roggenburg HRE Abbey Swab 1793: Council of Princes
Roggendorf HRE Lordship
HRE County
1600: To Austria
Rosheim Imperial Free City Upp Rhen 1648: Annexed to France
Rostock Principality
Röteln (Roteln) Lordship
Roth an der Roth 1376: HRE Abbey Swab 1793: Council of Princes
1803: Secularized to Counts of Wartenberg
1806: To Kingdom of Wurttemberg
Rothenburg ob der Tauber Imperial Free City Franc SW 1274 1500: Franconian Circle
1803: Mediatized to Bavaria
Rothenfels County Swab See Königsegg-Rothenfels
Rottenmünster Abbacy Swab 1793: Council of Princes
Rottweil Imperial City Swab SW 1140 1463: associate of Swiss Confederacy (until 17th century)
1802: Mediatized to Württemberg
Runkel Lordship
1219: County
1159: 1st mention of Runkel
1521: Inherited by the Counts of Wied
1698: To Counts of Wied-Runkel
1806: Mediatised to Nassau-Weilburg
Rügen Principality 1162 1168-1438: A Danish fief
1325: Princely house extinct; united with Pomerania-Wolgast
1648: To Swedish Pomerania
1815: To Prussia
Ruppin County To Counts of Arnstein
1524: Line of counts died out; passed to Brandenburg

Famous quotes containing the words empire (r), empire, roman, list, states and/or holy:

    Ce corps qui s’appelait et qui s’appelle encore le saint empire romain n’était en aucune manière ni saint, ni romain, ni empire. This agglomeration which called itself and still calls itself the Holy Roman Empire was in no way holy, nor Roman, nor an empire.
    Voltaire [François Marie Arouet] (1694–1778)

    Passivity can be a provoking modus operandi;
    Consider the Empire and Gandhi.
    Ogden Nash (1902–1971)

    The Roman rule was, to teach a boy nothing that he could not learn standing. The old English rule was, “All summer in the field, and all winter in the study.” And it seems as if a man should learn to plant, or to fish, or to hunt, that he might secure his subsistence at all events, and not be painful to his friends and fellow men.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    A man’s interest in a single bluebird is worth more than a complete but dry list of the fauna and flora of a town.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    ... no young colored person in the United States today can truthfully offer as an excuse for lack of ambition or aspiration that members of his race have accomplished so little, he is discouraged from attempting anything himself. For there is scarcely a field of human endeavor which colored people have been allowed to enter in which there is not at least one worthy representative.
    Mary Church Terrell (1863–1954)

    Our fathers’ God! to Thee,
    Author of liberty,
    To Thee we sing;
    Long may our land be bright
    With freedom’s holy light;
    Protect us by thy might,
    Great God, our King!
    Samuel Francis Smith (1808–1895)