|Andersen, Elmer L.Elmer L. Andersen||1909–2004||A businessman and former governor of Minnesota. He contracted polio, aged nine, and was confined to bed. Andersen eventually made a good recovery but in his eighties, he was affected by post-polio syndrome. He believed that polio had a positive psychological impact on him and increased his determination.|
|Beazley, KimKim Beazley||1948 !born 1948||Former leader of the Australian Labor Party. He contracted polio, aged five.|
|Bennett, Charles EdwardCharles Edward Bennett||1910–2003||Former Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from Florida. He contracted polio during World War II in the Philippines. Bennett walked with a cane.|
|Bjelke-Petersen, JohJoh Bjelke-Petersen||1911–2005||Queensland, Australia's longest serving Premier, Joh contracted polio at age nine, which left him with a limp.|
|Boyles, Harlan E.Harlan E. Boyles||1929–2003||A North Carolina politician, Boyles had hoped to become a farmer, but was struck by polio as a teenager. After spending a year in hospital he went into public service instead.|
|Cohen, SteveSteve Cohen||1949 !born 1949||A Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from Tennessee. He was unfortunate to miss out on the 1954 Salk vaccine trials that his paediatrician father was helping with and that his brother benefited from—he was not in the appropriate age-group. Cohen caught polio that year, aged five, and was ill for three months. He still walks with a limp and has problems with his balance.|
|Critchley, JulianJulian Critchley||1930–2000||A writer, broadcaster and Conservative Member of Parliament. He contracted polio in his youth and was much later affected by paralysis from post-polio syndrome.|
|Dail, CharlesCharles Dail||1909–1968||Elected Mayor of San Diego in 1955, Dail, who had had polio, helped to establish the Salk Institute for Biological Studies.|
|Diarmada, Seán MacSeán Mac Diarmada||1883–1916||Although he was left lame after a bout of polio in 1911, Mac Diarmada was involved in several Irish separatist organisations including Sinn Féin and the Irish Republican Brotherhood, and was one of the leaders of the 1916 Easter Rising.|
|East, John PorterJohn Porter East||1931–1986||Former Republican member of the United States Senate from North Carolina. He caught polio in 1955 while serving as a lieutenant in the United States Marines.|
|Hager, John H.John H. Hager||1936 !born 1936||Politician and former Senior Vice President of American Tobacco Company. He caught polio from his son's oral vaccination, which left his legs paralysed.|
|Kremer, Daniel J.Daniel J. Kremer||1937 !born 1937||Presiding Justice of the California Fourth District Court of Appeal, Division One. He caught polio while in high school during a 1950s polio epidemic.|
|Martin, Paul Edgar PhilippePaul Edgar Philippe Martin||1938 !born 1938||Prime Minister of Canada from 2003 to 2006. He caught polio in 1946, which paralysed his throat, and took almost a year to fully recover.|
|Martin, Paul Joseph JamesPaul Joseph James Martin||1903–1992||A politician, and father of Paul Martin (the former Prime Minister of Canada). He contracted polio in 1907 and was left with a slight limp. Martin was Minister of Health and Welfare when the Salk vaccine was conducting field trials. His personal family experience of polio made him determined to continue the trial, even after a setback where 79 children caught polio from the vaccine.|
|McConnell, MitchMitch McConnell||1942 !born 1942||A Republican member of the United States Senate from Kentucky and current Senate Minority Leader. He contracted polio at age two resulting in a paralyzed left leg, but eventually recovered with physical therapy.|
|McNamara, RobertRobert McNamara||1916 !1916–2009||A business executive and former United States Secretary of Defense. Both McNamara and his wife contracted polio in August 1945. He was in hospital for a couple of months but his wife was badly affected and remained there for nine months. His career change from Harvard professor to the Ford Motor Company was made to pay her hospital bills.|
|Padaca, GraceGrace Padaca||1963 !born 1963||Grace Padaca is the current governor of the northern Philippines province of Isabela. A bout of polio at age three left her using crutches; Padaca often declares: "My weakness is my strength".|
|Paulus, NormaNorma Paulus||1933 !born 1933||A politician from the state of Oregon, Paulus contracted polio at age nineteen. After her recovery, she moved to Salem where she became a legal secretary.|
|Roosevelt, Franklin D.Franklin D. Roosevelt||1882–1945||U.S. President 1933-1945. See "Doubtful" section below.|
|Royle, AnthonyAnthony Royle||1927–2001||Prior to his run as a Conservative Party Member of Parliament for Richmond (Surrey), Royle, the Baron Fanshawe of Richmond, was an officer in the SAS. In 1950, he shipped out for Korea. En route, he contracted polio and had to be left in Malaysia where spent a year fighting for his life in an iron lung. He survived, but the disease left him with a permanent limp.|
|Scheuer, James H.James H. Scheuer||1920–2005||Scheuer was a millionaire real-estate developer and served 13 terms (1965 to 1993) as a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from New York. During World War II he served as an Army Air Force flight instructor, after which he developed symptoms of polio and used a cane for the rest of his life.|
|Skelton, IkeIke Skelton||1931 !born 1931||A Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from Missouri since 1977, Skelton developed polio as a child. During his recovery he developed a love of history. In 2004 Skelton sponsored a resolution honouring the life and legacy of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.|
|Wade, Baron Wade, DonaldDonald Wade, Baron Wade||1904–1988||A British solicitor who later became a Liberal Party MP, Wade suffered from polio as a child.|
|Ware, MarthaMartha Ware||1917–2009||A Plymouth County, Massachusetts District court judge from 1956 to 1979. Prior to that, she served three terms as a state representative from 1950 to 1956. During her campaign for the Legislature in 1950 she was stricken with polio and was bedridden for three months. Sitting in a wheelchair, she was sworn into office in January 1951.|
|Watson, Arthur C.Arthur C. Watson||1909–1984||A prominent Natchitoches, Louisiana civic leader, and chairman of the Louisiana Democratic Party, Watson lost the use of both legs when he contracted polio at the age of 19 months.|
|Woods, GavinGavin Woods||1947 !born 1947||Gavin Woods is a South African political figure who contracted polio as a baby. He overcame the many obstacles posed by the effects of the disease to become a member of parliament, among other achievements.|
|Hee, Yit FoongYit Foong Hee||1959 !born 1959||Hee Yit Foong was the first non-Malay, disabled woman, to become the deputy speaker of a Malaysian legislative body, the Dewan Undangan Negeri of Perak. She carries a limp from a case of polio she contracted at the age of 4.|
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Famous quotes containing the word politics:
“Political organizations have slowly substituted themselves for the Churches as the places for believing practices.... Politics has once again become religious.”
—Michel de Certeau (19251986)
“I played by the rules of politics as I found them.”
—Richard M. Nixon (19131995)
“From the beginning, the placement of [Clarence] Thomas on the high court was seen as a political end justifying almost any means. The full story of his confirmation raises questions not only about who lied and why, but, more important, about what happens when politics becomes total war and the truthand those who tell itare merely unfortunate sacrifices on the way to winning.”
—Jane Mayer, U.S. journalist, and Jill Abramson b. 1954, U.S. journalist. Strange Justice, p. 8, Houghton Mifflin (1994)