List of Official Languages - Official Regional and Minority Languages

Official Regional and Minority Languages

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.

Abaza:

Adyghe:

  • Adygea (state language; with Russian)

Aghul:

Albanian:

  • Serbia (in Kosovo and several municipalities in Central-Serbia)
  • Macedonia (in some municipalities)

Albanian:

  • Montenegro (with Montenegrin, Serbian, Bosnian and Croatian)

Altay:

  • Altay, Republic of (state language; with Russian)

Aranese see Occitan

Armenian:

  • Nagorno Karabagh

Assamese:

Avar:

  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)

Azeri:

  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)

Balkar:

  • Kabardino-Balkaria (state language; with Kabardian and Russian)

Bashkir:

  • Bashkortostan (state language; with Russian)

Basque:

  • Basque Autonomous Community (with Spanish)
  • Navarre (in some areas with Spanish)

Bengali:

  • India (with Hindi, English {as a "subsidiary official language"} and 20 other official languages; second most spoken Indian Language)
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    • Assam
    • Tripura
    • West Bengal

Bosnian:

  • part of Serbia
    • Sandžak region
  • Montenegro (with Montenegrin, Albanian, Croatian and Serbian)

Buryat:

  • Buryatia (state language; with Russian)
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Agin-Buryat Okrug (authorized language)

Cantonese Chinese:

  • Hong Kong (for Chinese language, both Cantonese and Mandarin are spoken de facto; co-official with English)
  • Macau (for Chinese language, both Cantonese and Mandarin are spoken de facto; co-official with Portuguese)

Catalan:

  • parts of Spain
    • Balearic Islands (with Spanish)
    • Catalonia (with Spanish)
    • Valencia (named as Valencian, with Spanish)
  • parts of France
    • Pyrénées Orientales
  • parts of Italy
    • Alguero

Chechen:

  • Chechnya (state language; with Russian)
  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)

Cherkess:

  • Karachay–Cherkessia (state language; with Abaza, Karachay, Nogai and Russian)

Chipewyan:

  • Northwest Territories (with Cree, English, French, Gwich'in, Innuinaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey and Tłįchǫ (Dogrib))

Chukchi:

  • Sakha (local official language; in localities with Chukchi population)

Chuvash

  • Chuvashia (state language; with Russian)

Cree:

  • Northwest Territories (with Chipewyan, English, French, Gwich'in, Innuinaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey and Tłįchǫ (Dogrib))

Crimean Tatar

  • Crimea (with Russian and Ukrainian)

Croatian:

  • part of Austria
    • Burgenland (with German and Hungarian)*part of Italy
    • Molise
  • part of Serbia
    • Vojvodina (with Hungarian, Pannonian Rusyn, Romanian, Serbian and Slovak)
  • Montenegro (with Montenegrin, Albanian, Bosnian and Serbian)

Dargwa:

  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)

Dolgan:

  • Sakha (local official language; in localities with Dolgan population)

Dutch:

  • The Nord-Pas-de-Calais (France) (Flemish Language with French, English for some part of the region)

English:

  • parts of Canada:
See also: Official language by province and ]
  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba (with French)
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Saskatchewan
  • New Brunswick (with French)
  • Northwest Territories (with Chipewyan, Cree, French, Gwich'in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, Slavey (North and South) and Tłįchǫ)
  • Nunavut (with Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, and French)
  • Yukon (with French)
  • The United Kingdom:
  • England
  • Northern Ireland
  • Scotland
  • Wales
  • Isle of Man (with Manx Gaelic)
  • Guernsey (with French)
  • Jersey (with French)
  • parts of the United States. See English-only movement. English is an official language in the following states and territories:
    • Alabama
    • Alaska
    • Arkansas
    • California
    • Colorado
    • Florida
    • Georgia
    • Hawaii (with Hawaiian language)
    • Illinois
    • Indiana
    • Iowa
    • Kentucky
    • Massachusetts
    • Minnesota
    • Mississippi
    • Montana
    • Nebraska
    • New Hampshire
    • North Carolina
    • North Dakota
    • Puerto Rico (with Spanish)
    • South Carolina
    • South Dakota
    • Texas
    • Tennessee
    • U.S. Virgin Islands
    • Utah
    • Virginia
    • West Virginia
    • Wyoming

Erzya:

  • Mordovia (state language; with Moksha and Russian)

Even:

  • Sakha (local official language; in localities with Even population)

Evenki:

  • Sakha (local official language; in localities with Evenki population)

Faroese:

  • Faroe Islands (with Danish)

Finnish:

  • Karelia (authorized language; with Karelian and Veps)

French:

  • parts of Canada
  • New Brunswick (co-official with English)
  • Northwest Territories (with Chipewyan, Cree, English, Gwich'in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, Slavey (North and South) and Tłįchǫ)
  • Nunavut (with English, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut)
  • Quebec
  • Yukon (with English)
  • Guernsey (with English)
  • Jersey (with English)
  • Pondicherry (co-official with Tamil in the Union Territory of Pondicherry. Also Telugu and Malayalam are its regional official languages)
  • part of Italy
    • Aosta (co-official with Italian)
  • part of USA with Louisiana

Frisian (West):

  • The Netherlands: co-official in the province of Friesland (with Dutch)

Gagauz:

  • Gagauzia (Moldova) (with Russian)

Galician:

  • part of Spain
    • Galicia (with Spanish)

German:

  • Italy
    • South Tyrol (together with Italian and Ladin)

Greek:

  • parts of south Albania
  • parts of south Italy
    • Salento (Grecia Salentina, together with Italian)
    • Calabria (Bovesia, together with Italian)

Guaraní:

  • in Argentina
    • Corrientes Province (co-official with Spanish)

Gujarati:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)
    • Dadra and Nagar Haveli
    • Daman and Diu
    • Gujarat

Gwich'in:

  • Northwest Territories (with Cree, Chipewyan, English, French, Innuinaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey and Tłįchǫ (Dogrib))

Hawaiian:

  • Hawaii (with English)

Hungarian:

  • part of Serbia
    • Vojvodina (with Croatian, Serbian, Romanian, Slovak and Ruthenian)
  • part of Romania
  • part of Slovenia
  • part of Croatia
  • part of Slovakia
  • part of Austria

Ingush:

  • Ingushetia (state language; with Russian)

Inuinnaqtun:

  • Northwest Territories (with Cree, Chipewyan, English, French, Gwich'in, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey and Tłįchǫ (Dogrib))
  • Nunavut (with English, French, and Inuktitut)

Inuktitut:

  • Nunavut (with English, French, and Inuinnaqtun)
  • Northwest Territories (with Cree, Chipewyan, English, French, Gwich'in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey and Tłįchǫ (Dogrib))

Inuvialuktun:

  • Northwest Territories (with Cree, Chipewyan, English, French, Gwich'in, Innuinaqtun, Inuktitut, North Slavey, South Slavey and Tłįchǫ (Dogrib))

Irish:

  • Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) (along with Ulster Scots and English)

Italian:

  • part of Croatia
    • Istria county (with Croatian)
  • part of Slovenia
    • Izola, Koper and Piran municipalities (with Slovene)

Japanese:

  • Part of Palau
    • Angaur (with English)

Kabardian

  • Kabardino-Balkaria (state language; with Balkar and Russian)

Kalaallisut:

  • Greenland

Kalmyk:

  • Kalmykia (state language; with Russian)

Kannada:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)
    • Karnataka

Karachay:

  • Karachay–Cherkessia (state language; with Abaza, Cherkess, Nogai and Russian)

Karelian:

  • Karelia (authorized language; with Finnish and Veps)

Kashmiri:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)
    • Jammu and Kashmir

Kazakh:

  • Republic of Altay (official language; in localities with Kazakh population)
  • part of the People's Republic of China
    • Ili, with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Barkol, with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Mori, with Chinese (Mandarin)
  • part of Mongolia
    • Mori, with Mongolian

Khakas:

  • Khakassia (state language; with Russian)

Khanty:

  • Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug (aboriginal language; with Mansi and Nenets)
  • Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (aboriginal language; with Nenets and Selkup)

Komi:

  • Komi (state language; with Russian)

Komi-Permyak:

  • Perm Krai
    • Komi-Permyak Okrug (official language)

Korean:

  • part of the People's Republic of China with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Changbai (Jangbaek, Changbaek)
    • Yanbian (Yeonbyeon,Yŏnbyŏn)

Kumyk:

  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)

Kyrgyz:

  • part of the People's Republic of China
  • Kizilsu (with Chinese (Mandarin))

Lak:

  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)

Lezgian

  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)

Macedonian:*part of Albania

  • part of Serbia

Malayalam:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)
    • Kerala
    • Pondicherry
    • Lakshadweep

Mansi:

  • Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug (aboriginal language; with Khanty and Nenets)

Marathi:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)
    • Maharashtra
    • Goa
    • Dadra and Nagar Haveli
    • Daman and Diu

Mari (Hill and Meadow):

  • Mari El (state language; with Russian)

Mayan:

  • Mexico (*only recognized)
  • Guatemala (*only recognized)
  • Belize (*only recognized)
  • Honduras (*only recognized)
  • El Salvador (*only recognized)

Moksha:

  • Mordovia (state language; with Erzya and Russian)

Mongolian:

  • part of the People's Republic of China
    • Inner Mongolia, with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Haixi, with Tibetan and Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Bortala, with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Bayin'gholin, with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Dorbod, with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Qian Gorlos, with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Harqin Left, with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Fuxin, with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Weichang, with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Subei, with Chinese (Mandarin)
    • Henan, with Chinese (Mandarin)

Náhuatl:

  • Mexico (*only recognized)
  • El Salvador (*only recognized)

Nenets:

  • Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug (aboriginal language; with Khanty and Mansi)
  • Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (aboriginal language; with Khanty and Selkup)

Nepali:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)

Nogai:

  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)
  • Karachay–Cherkessia (state language; with Abaza, Cherkess, Karachay and Russian)

Occitan (Aranese):

  • Aran Valley (with Catalan and Spanish)

Oriya:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)
    • Orissa

Ossetic (Digor and Iron dialects):

  • North Ossetia—Alania (state language; with Russian)

Portuguese:*part of the People's Republic of China

  • Macau (with Chinese)

Punjabi:

  • Pakistan
  • India (with 22 other regional languages)
    • Punjab
    • Delhi

Romanian:

  • Vojvodina (with Croatian, Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak and Ruthenian)

Russian. Russian is fixed as a state language in the Constitutions of the republics of the Russian Federation:

  • Adygea (state language; with Adyghe)
  • Altay, Republic of (state language; with Altay)
  • Bashkortostan (state language; with Bashkir)
  • Buryatia (state language; with Buryat)
  • Chechnya (state language; with Chechen)
  • Chuvashia (state language; with Chuvash)
  • Dagestan (state language; with the languages of the Dagestan peoples)
  • Ingushetia (state language; with Ingush)
  • Kabardino-Balkaria (state language; with Balkar and Kabardian)
  • Kalmykia (state language; with Kalmyk)
  • Karachay–Cherkessia (state language; with Abaza, Cherkess, Karachay and Nogai)
  • Karelia (state language)
  • Khakassia (state language; with Khakas)
  • Komi (state language; with Komi)
  • Mari El (state language; with Mari (Hill and Meadow))
  • Mordovia (state language; with Erzya and Moksha)
  • North Ossetia—Alania (state language; with Ossetic)
  • Sakha (state language; with Sakha)
  • Tatarstan (state language; with Tatar)
  • Tyva (state language; with Tuvan)
  • Udmurtia (state language; with Udmurt)
  • Russian (with Gagauz) is an official language of Gagauzia (autonomous republic within Moldova)

Rusyn:

  • Vojvodina (with Croatian, Serbian, Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak)
  • Ukraine
    • Zakarapts'ka region (with Ukrainian, Hungarian)

Rutul:

  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)

Sakha:

  • Sakha (state language; with Russian)

Sanskrit:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)

Sami:

  • Finland (in four municipalities)
  • Norway (in six municipalities in two provinces)
  • Sweden (in four municipalities and surrounding municipalities)

Sarikoli:

  • part of the People's Republic of China (It's different from Tajiki of Tajikistan)
    • Taxkorgan (with Chinese (Mandarin))

Scottish Gaelic:

  • Scotland (United Kingdom) (with English and Scots)

Scots:

  • Scotland (United Kingdom) (with English and Scottish Gaelic)
  • Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)
  • Donegal (Republic of Ireland)

Selkup:

  • Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (aboriginal language; with Khanty and Nenets)

Sindhi:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)
  • Pakistan (Official language in the Province of Sindh along with Urdu and English)

North and South Slavey:

  • Northwest Territories (with Cree, Chipewyan, English, French, Gwich'in, Innuinaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, and Tłįchǫ (Dogrib))

Slovak:

  • part of Serbia
  • Vojvodina (with Croatian, Serbian, Hungarian, Romanian and Ruthenian)

Slovene:

  • part of Italy
    • Friuli-Venezia Giulia (with Italian, Friulian and German)
  • part of Austria
    • Carinthia (with German)

Spanish:

  • Puerto Rico (with English)
  • Philippines (mainly as Chavacano in Basilan and Zamboanga Peninsula)

Tabasaran:

  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)

Tahitian:

  • French Polynesia (with French)

Tamil:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
    • Pondicherry
    • Tamil Nadu

Tat:

  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)

Tatar:

  • Tatarstan (state language; with Russian)

Telugu:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)
    • Andhra Pradesh
    • Pondicherry

Tibetan:

  • Tibet Autonomous Region (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Aba (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Garzê (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Diqing (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Wenshan (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Gannan (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Haibai (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Hainan (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Huangnan (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Golog (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Gyêgu (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Haixi (with Mongolian and Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Muli (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Tianzhu (with Chinese (Mandarin))

Tłįchǫ:

  • Northwest Territories (with Cree, Chipewyan, English, French, Gwich'in, Innuinaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, and South Slavey)

Tsakhur:

  • Dagestan (as one of the Dagestan peoples languages; with Russian)

Tswana:

  • South Africa (with Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swati, Tsonga, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu)

Turkish:

  • Macedonia in Plasnica and Centar Župa
  • Kosovo in Prizren and Mamuša
  • part of Bulgaria

Tuvan:

  • Tyva (state language; with Russian)

Udmurt:

  • Udmurtia (state language; with Russian)

Urdu:

  • India (with 22 other regional languages)
    • Jammu and Kashmir
    • Delhi Territory
    • Uttar Pradesh state
    • Bihar state
    • Andhra Pradesh mainly in Hyderabad (former princely state of Nizam) and adjacent areas of Maharashtra and Karnataka

Uyghur:

  • Xinjiang (with Chinese (Mandarin))

Veps:

  • Karelia (authorized language; with Finnish and Karelian)

Vietnamese:

  • Guangxi Province, China (some regional status)
  • Part of Cambodia
  • Part of Laos

Welsh:

  • Wales (United Kingdom) (with English)

Yiddish:

  • Russia (only in Jewish Autonomous Oblast, with Russian)

Yukaghir:

  • Sakha (local official language; in localities with Yukaghir population)

Zhuang:

  • Guangxi (with Chinese (Mandarin))
  • Lianshan (with Chinese (Mandarin))

Read more about this topic:  List Of Official Languages

Famous quotes containing the words languages, minority and/or official:

    Wealth is so much the greatest good that Fortune has to bestow that in the Latin and English languages it has usurped her name.
    William Lamb Melbourne, 2nd Viscount (1779–1848)

    If when a businessman speaks of minority employment, or air pollution, or poverty, he speaks in the language of a certified public accountant analyzing a corporate balance sheet, who is to know that he understands the human problems behind the statistical ones? If the businessman would stop talking like a computer printout or a page from the corporate annual report, other people would stop thinking he had a cash register for a heart. It is as simple as that—but that isn’t simple.
    Louis B. Lundborg (1906–1981)

    Our medieval historians who prefer to rely as much as possible on official documents because the chronicles are unreliable, fall thereby into an occasionally dangerous error. The documents tell us little about the difference in tone which separates us from those times; they let us forget the fervent pathos of medieval life.
    Johan Huizinga (1872–1945)