List of National Historic Landmarks in Tennessee - Current National Historic Landmarks

Current National Historic Landmarks

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Landmark name Image Date of designation Locality County Description
Beale Street Historic District 1966 Memphis
Shelby Birthplace of the blues style of music, Beale Street produced significant developments in African-American music and the music of the United States generally. W.C. Handy was a prominent Beale Street figure from when this was a lively district of saloons and theaters.
William Blount Mansion 1965 Knoxville
Knox The home of William Blount from 1792 to his death in 1800. A veteran of the Congress of the Confederation and the Constitutional Convention where he represented North Carolina, Blount then became governor of the Southwest Territory, led Tennessee to statehood, and later served in the US Senate.
Chucalissa Site 1994 Memphis
Shelby This archaeological mound complex dates from the Walls Phase (approximately 15th century) of the Mississippian period. Its well-preserved historic materials include architecture, flora, fauna, and human skeletal remains.
Delta Queen (River Steamboat) 1989 Chattanooga
Hamilton River steamboat.
Fort Loudoun 1965 Vonore
Monroe Built by the British in 1756 during the French and Indian War, Fort Loudoun allied with the Cherokee to protect the British southern marches. The fort was surrendered to the Cherokee in 1760, who had turned hostile and laid siege to the fort.
Fort Pillow 1974 Henning
Lauderdale The Confederate victory at the Battle of Fort Pillow (April 1864) ended in the killing of 229 Black Union soldiers out of 262 engaged in the battle. This slaughter by the Southern troops under Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest has been labeled a massacre. "Remember Fort Pillow!" became a battle cry among Black soldiers for the remainder of the Civil War.
Franklin Battlefield 1960 Franklin
Williamson At the Civil War Battle of Franklin (November 30, 1864), Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield's Union troops repelled repeated assaults by Confederate forces under Gen. John Bell Hood. The devastating losses sustained helped doom Hood's Army of Tennessee.
George Peabody College for Teachers 1965 Nashville
Davidson As the University of Nashville, the college was the first institution to receive support from the Peabody Education Fund, which had been founded by George Peabody to rebuild education in the South after the Civil War. The university began operating as a teachers' college in 1875 and formally changed its name in 1909. It moved to its present location in 1914.
Graceland 2006 Memphis
Shelby Graceland was Elvis Presley's home for 20 years starting in 1957, and is intimately associated with his music and career. Presley profoundly influenced American music and culture in the 20th century, and has been inducted into the Rock and Roll, Gospel, and Country Halls of Fame.
The Hermitage 1960 Nashville
Davidson This plantation was the home of Andrew Jackson from 1804 until his death. He built the Greek Revival mansion house in 1819. Jackson served as President of the United States from 1829 to 1837.
Hiram Masonic Lodge No. 7 image pending 1973 Franklin
Williamson Hiram Masonic Lodge No. 7 is the oldest public building in Franklin, the oldest Masonic Hall in continuous use in Tennessee, and in 1830 was the site of the signing of the Treaty of Franklin, which ordered the removal of the Chickasaw people from their eastern homeland to territory across the Mississippi River. President Andrew Jackson opened the meeting personally.
Jubilee Hall, Fisk University 1974 Nashville
Davidson Fisk University was founded in 1865 by the American Missionary Association to provide a liberal arts education for Blacks after the Civil War. Completed in 1876, this Victorian Gothic structure is the oldest building on campus.
Long Island of the Holston 1960 Kingsport
Sullivan The Long Island was a sacred council and treaty site among the Cherokee. Daniel Boone began from here to clear the Wilderness Road through the Cumberland Gap in 1775. The island has been heavily transformed by industrial development, and NPS staff recommended withdrawal of National Historic Landmark status in 1996 due to loss of historic integrity.
Moccasin Bend Archeological District image pending 1986 Chattanooga Hamilton This archaeological site on the Tennessee River contains a highly diverse set of Native American remains from the Archaic, Woodland, and Mississippian periods. Spanish artifacts from the 16th century illustrate the early contact period in the Southeast. Earthworks from the Civil War Battle of Chattanooga are also preserved.
Montgomery Bell Tunnel 1994 White Bluff
Cheatham This is the oldest known full-size tunnel in the US. It was built in 1818-1819 by Montgomery Bell to divert water to provide industrial power. Manual drilling was arduous and performed by slaves using tools such as hammers, chisels, and black powder.
Mountain Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers image pending 2011 Johnson City
Washington
Old First Presbyterian Church 1993 Nashville
Davidson Architect William Strickland designed this church in the Egyptian Revival style. Beginning his career as an apprentice to Benjamin Henry Latrobe, Strickland was one of the most prominent architects in the United States at the time of his simultaneous work on the church and the Tennessee State Capitol. Built in 1849, the church has been nicknamed "Karnak on the Cumberland," and was his most in-depth application of the Egyptian style.
Pinson Mounds 1964 Pinson
Madison This site, occupied as early as 5000 BCE, consists mainly of mounds constructed during the Middle Woodland Period (ca. 500 B.C. - 500 A.D.).Built here are two temple mounds, one effigy mound, and several other earthworks.
James K. Polk House 1961 Columbia
Maury This house, built in 1816 was the home of future President James K. Polk for several years when he was a young man.
Rattle and Snap 1971 Columbia
Maury This mansion was built in the Greek Revival style by a relative of President James K. Polk, and sports a distinctive Corinthian portico.
Rhea County Courthouse 1976 Dayton
Rhea This courthouse was the scene of the Scopes Trial of July 1925, in which teacher John T. Scopes faced charges for including Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in his public school lessons. The trial became a clash of titans between the lawyers William Jennings Bryan for the prosecution and Clarence Darrow for the defense, and epitomizes the tension between fundamentalism and modernism in a wide range of aspects of American society.
Ryman Auditorium 2001 Nashville
Davidson This auditorium was the home of the Grand Ole Opry from for 31 years from 1943 to 1974. The Opry, with its live music shows and radio programs, has deeply influenced the development of country music.
Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites 1991 Pocahontas, TN, Corinth, MS and other
Hardeman, TN and Alcorn, MS The Davis Bridge Battlefield in Tennessee, site of the Battle of Hatchie's Bridge on 5 April 1862, is part of an NHL along with a long list of areas in nearby Mississippi, as the "Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites".
Shiloh Indian Mounds Site 1989 Hurley Hardin This is the largest remaining fortified Mississippian ceremonial mound complex in the Tennessee Valley, including 6 Mississippian temple mounds, one Woodland burial mound, a village site, and a palisade foundation.
Sun Record Company 2003 Memphis
Shelby This musical recording studio was established by Sam Phillips in 1952. It was here that he discovered and/or recorded many of the greatest names in rock and roll, including: B.B. King, Howlin' Wolf, Ike Turner, Rufus Thomas, Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, Charlie Rich, and Roy Orbison. Rock and roll was deeply influenced by Phillips' work, and its advent drove profound changes in American music, society, and race relations.
Sycamore Shoals 1964 Elizabethton
Carter The Treaty of Sycamore Shoals with the Cherokee, signed here in 1775, allowed the United States to acquire 20,000,000 acres (81,000 km2) of Cherokee land and to promote settlement of present day Kentucky. Sycamore Shoals later served as an Revolutionary War staging area for the 1780 march of the Overmountain Men to victory over British loyalists at the Kings Mountain.
Tennessee State Capitol 1971 Nashville
Davidson This fine example of Greek Revival architecture includes four Ionic porticos and a simple, well-proportioned interior. It was built in 1845-1859 under the direction of the noted architect William Strickland.
Wynnewood 1971 Castalian Springs
Sumner This was the earliest settlement in Middle Tennessee, and remains today as a group of six log buildings at a sulfur spring. The 1828 main house was a stagecoach inn and residence.
X-10 Reactor, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 1965 Oak Ridge
Roane As the main atomic research facility in the United States, this nuclear reactor pioneered the production of plutonium and, later, medical radioisotopes. Built in 1943, it was the world's first full-scale reactor.
Alvin Cullom York Farm 1976 Pall Mall
Fentress At the 1918 Battle of the Argonne Forest during World War I, Sergeant Alvin C. York distinguished himself with a one-man action that killed 25 enemy soldiers, took 132 prisoners, and captured 35 machine guns. York received the Medal of Honor for this feat, and became even more famous for his refusal to capitalize on the award. He lived at this farm from 1922 until his death in 1964.

Read more about this topic:  List Of National Historic Landmarks In Tennessee

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