List of Fossil Birds - Neornithes - Sphenisciformes

Sphenisciformes

  • Unresolved and basal forms
    • Waimanu (Early – Late Palaeocene)
    • Perudyptes – basal? (middle Eocene)
    • Sphenisciformes gen. et sp. indet. CADIC P 21 (middle Eocene)
  • Spheniscidae – Penguins
    • Crossvallia (Late Paleocene)
    • Perudyptes (mid-Eocene)
    • Anthropornis (mid-Eocene –? Early Oligocene)
    • Archaeospheniscus (mid-/Late Eocene – Late Oligocene)
    • Delphinornis (mid-/Late Eocene –? Early Oligocene)
    • Palaeeudyptes (mid-/Late Eocene – Late Oligocene)
    • Icadyptes (Late Eocene)
    • Inkayacu (Late Eocene)
    • Pachydyptes (Late Eocene)
    • Marambiornis (Late Eocene –? Early Oligocene)
    • Mesetaornis (Late Eocene –? Early Oligocene)
    • Tonniornis (Late Eocene –? Early Oligocene)
    • Wimanornis (Late Eocene –? Early Oligocene)
    • Arthrodytes (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene – Early Miocene)
    • Duntroonornis (Late Oligocene)
    • Kairuku (Late Oligocene)
    • Korora (Late Oligocene)
    • Platydyptes (Late Oligocene)
    • Chubutodyptes (Early Miocene)
    • Eretiscus (Patagonia Early Miocene)
    • Paraptenodytes (Early – Late Miocene/Early Pliocene)
    • Palaeospheniscus (Early? – Late Miocene/Early Pliocene)
    • Anthropodyptes (Middle Miocene)
    • Madrynornis (Late Miocene)
    • Pseudaptenodytes (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene)
    • Dege (Early Pliocene)
    • Marplesornis (Early Pliocene)
    • Nucleornis (Early Pliocene)
    • Inguza (Late Pliocene) – formerly Spheniscus predemersus
    • Placement unresolved
      • Spheniscidae gen. et sp. indet (Late Oligocene/Early Miocene of Hakataramea, New Zealand)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Pygoscelis (Middle/Late Miocene – Recent)
      • Spheniscus (Middle/Late Miocene – Recent)
      • Aptenodytes (Early? Pliocene – Recent)

Read more about this topic:  List Of Fossil Birds, Neornithes