List of Fossil Birds - Neornithes - Galliformes

Galliformes

The group that includes domestic chickens and their relatives.

  • Placement unresolved
    • Austinornis (Late Cretaceous) - tentatively placed here; formerly Graculavus/Ichthyornis/Pedioecetes lentus
    • Procrax (middle Eocene? - Early Oligocene) - cracid? gallinuloidid?
    • Palaeortyx (middle Eocene -? Early Pliocene) - phasianid or odontophorid
    • Palaeonossax (Late Oligocene) - cracid?
    • Taoperdix (Late Oligocene) - gallinuloidid? Includes "Tetrao" pessieti
    • Archaealectrornis (Oligocene) - phasianid?
    • Galliformes gen. et sp. indet. MCZ 342506 (Oligocene) - formerly in Gallinuloides; phasianid?
    • Archaeophasianus (Oligocene? - Late Miocene) - tetraonid or phasianid
    • Palaealectoris (Early Miocene) - tetraonid?
    • Linquornis (middle Miocene)
    • Palaeoalectoris (middle Miocene)
    • Shandongornis (middle Miocene)
    • "Cyrtonyx" tedfordi (Late Miocene)
  • Gallinuloididae
    • Gallinuloides (Early/middle Eocene)
    • Paraortygoides (London Clay Early Eocene of Walton-on-the-Naze, England – middle Eocene of Messel, Germany)
  • Paraortygidae
    • Pirortyx
    • Paraortyx
  • Quercymegapodiidae
    • Quercymegapodius (middle Eocene – Early Oligocene)
    • Taubacrex (Late Oligocene/Early Miocene of Brazil)
    • Ameripodius (Late Oligocene – Early Miocene of Brazil and France)
  • Megapodidae – Megapodes
    • Ngawupodius
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Leipoa gallinacea – formerly Chosornis, Palaeopelargus, Progura
  • Cracidae – Guans and Curassows
    • Boreortalis (Early Miocene) – may be same as Ortalis
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Ortalis (Early Miocene – Recent)
  • Odontophoridae – New World Quails
    • Nanortyx (Cypress Hills Early Oligocene of North Calf Creek, Canada)
    • Miortyx (Rosebud Early Miocene of Flint Hill, USA)
    • Neortyx (Early Pleistocene of Reddick, USA)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Odontophoridae gen. et sp. indet. KUVP 9393 (White River Early/middle Oligocene of Logan County, USA)
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Cyrtonyx cooki (Late Miocene? of Upper Sheep Creek, USA)
      • Callipepla? shotwelli (Middle Pliocene of McKay Reservoir, USA) - formerly Lophortyx
      • Colinus hibbardi (Rexroad Late Pliocene of Rexroad, USA)
      • Colinus sp. (Late Pliocene of Benson, USA)
      • Colinus suilium (Early Pleistocene of SE USA)
      • Dendrortyx? sp. (Late Pleistocene of San Josecito Cavern, Mexico)
  • Phasianidae – Pheasants, quails, partridges, grouse and turkeys
    • Schaubortyx (middle Eocene – Early Oligocene)
    • Rhegminornis (Early Miocene of Bell, USA)
    • Tologuica (Middle Miocene of Sharga, Mongolia)
    • Proagriocharis (Kimball Late Miocene/Early Pliocene of Lime Creek, USA)
    • Megalocoturnix (Early Pliocene of Layna, Spain)
    • Chauvireria (Late Pliocene of Varshets, Bulgaria)
    • Palaeocryptonyx (Late Pliocene of SW Europe) - including "Francolinus" minor, "F." subfrancolinus
    • Miogallus
    • Miophasianus
    • Palaeoperdix
    • Pliogallus
    • Plioperdix
    • Placement unresolved
      • "Tympanchus" stirtoni (Early Miocene of South Dakota)
      • Tetraoninae gen. et sp. indet. (Sajóvölgyi Middle Miocene of Mátraszõlõs, Hungary)
      • Meleagridae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene of Westmoreland County, USA)
      • "Tympanuchus" lulli (Pleistocene? of New Jersey)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Coturnix (Late Oligocene – Recent)
      • Bambusicola (Late Miocene – Recent)
      • Phasianus (Late Miocene)
      • Gallus (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene – Recent)
      • Lagopus (Early? Pliocene – Recent)
      • Meleagris (Early Pliocene – Recent)
      • Pavo (Early Pliocene – Recent)
      • Tetrao (Early Pliocene – Recent)
      • Francolinus (Late Pliocene – Recent)
      • Perdix (Early Pleistocene – Recent)
      • Bonasa (Early/Middle Pleistocene – Recent)
      • Dendragapus (Late Pleistocene – Recent)
      • Alectoris

Read more about this topic:  List Of Fossil Birds, Neornithes

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... Gamebirds (Galliformes) The heaviest member of this diverse order is the North American Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) ... Although, wingspan is relatively small in most galliformes, both larger peafowl species can span as much as 1.6 m (5.2 ft) across the wings ... (Sylviornis) of New Caledonia were the most massive galliformes ever, having reached 1.7 m (5.6 ft) long and weighed up to about 40 kg (88 lb) ...
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