List of Fossil Birds - Neornithes - Ciconiiformes

Ciconiiformes

The diverse group that includes storks, herons and New World vultures. Paraphyletic as listed here.

  • Placement unresolved
    • Proplegadis (London Clay Early Eocene of England) – Threskiornithidae?
    • "Teratornis olsoni – Teratornithidae?
  • Ardeidae – Herons
    • Calcardea (Paleocene)
    • Proardea (Late Eocene –? Late Oligocene)
    • Xenerodiops (Early Oligocene)
    • Zeltornis (Early Miocene)
    • Ardeagradis
    • Proardeola – possibly same as Proardea
    • Placement unresolved
      • Anas basaltica (Late Oligocene)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Nycticorax (Early Oligocene – Recent)
      • Ardea (Middle Miocene – Recent)
      • Egretta (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene – Recent)
      • Butorides (Early Pleistocene – Recent)
      • Botaurus
  • Scopidae – Hammerkop
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Scopus xenopus
  • Threskiornithidae – Ibises
    • Threskiornithidae gen. et sp. indet. NMMP-KU 1301 (Pondaung middle Eocene of Paukkaung, Myanmar) – Threskiornithinae?
    • Rhynchaeites (middle Eocene of Messel, Germany) – including Plumumida, may include Mopsitta
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Geronticus (Middle Miocene – Recent)
    • Additional prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Platalea tiangangensis (Xiacaowan Middle Miocene of Sihong, China)
      • Plegadis paganus (Late Oligocene/Early Miocene of France) - formerly Eudocimus, including Milnea
      • Plegadis gracilis (Late Pliocene of WC USA)
      • Plegadis pharangites (Late Pliocene of WC USA)
      • Theristicus wetmorei (Late Pleistocene of Peru)
      • Eudocimus leiseyi (Early Pleistocene of Florida)
      • Eudocimus peruvianus (Late Pleistocene of Peru; may be living species)
      • Eudocimus sp. (Middle Pliocene of Florida)
  • Teratornithidae – Teratorns
    • Argentavis (Late Miocene)
    • Aiolornis (Early Pliocene – Late Pleistocene)
    • Teratornis (Early Pleistocene – Late Pleistocene)
    • Oscaravis (Pleistocene)
    • Cathartornis
  • Cathartidae – New World vultures
    • Diatropornis (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene –? middle Oligocene)
    • Phasmagyps (Early Oligocene)
    • Brasilogyps (Late Oligocene – Early Miocene)
    • Hadrogyps (Middle Miocene)
    • Pliogyps (Late Miocene – Late Pliocene)
    • Perugyps (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene)
    • Dryornis (EarlyLate? Pliocene) – may belong to modern genus Vultur
    • Aizenogyps (Late Pliocene)
    • Breagyps (Late Pleistocene)
    • Geronogyps (Late Pleistocene)
    • Wingegyps (Late Pleistocene)
    • Parasarcoramphus
    • Placement unresolved
      • Cathartidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Oligocene of Mongolia)
      • Cathartidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene/Early Pliocene of Lee Creek Mine, USA)
      • Cathartidae gen. et sp. indet. (Middle Pliocene of Argentina)
      • Cathartidae gen. et sp. indet. (Cuba)
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Sarcoramphus (Middle Pliocene –? Recent)
      • Gymnogyps (Early Pleistocene – Recent)
      • Vultur (Pliocene – Recent) – distinctiveness disputed
  • Balaenicipitidae – Shoebills
    • Goliathia (Late Eocene/Early Oligocene of Egypt)
    • Paludavis (Late Miocene of Tunisia and Pakistan)
  • Ciconiidae – Storks
    • Palaeoephippiorhynchus (Early Oligocene)
    • Grallavis (Early Miocene) – may be same as Prociconia
    • Pelargosteon (Early Pleistocene)
    • Prociconia (Late Pleistocene) – may belong to modern genus Jabiru or Ciconia
    • Placement unresolved
      • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. – formerly Aquilavus/Cygnus bilinicus (Early Miocene)
      • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Miocene)
      • cf. Leptoptilos gen. et sp. indet. – formerly L. siwalicensis (Late Miocene? - Late Pliocene)
      • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. (Late Pleistocene) – Ciconia or Mycteria?
    • Extant genera present in the fossil record
      • Ciconia (Early Miocene? – Recent) – includes Xenorhynchus
      • Mycteria (Middle Miocene – Recent)
      • Ephippiorhynchus (Late Miocene – Recent)
      • Leptoptilos (Late Miocene – Recent) – includes Cryptociconia
      • Jabiru (Early Pliocene – Recent)

Read more about this topic:  List Of Fossil Birds, Neornithes

Other articles related to "ciconiiformes":

List Of Birds On Stamps Of Australian Antarctic Territory
... Gmelin, 1789) 27c L55E 59 ... Ciconiiformes Procellariidae 1985 (07.08) NOR Aptenodytes forsteri Gray, 1844 1$ L74 77 ... Sphenisciformes Spheniscidae 1988 ...
Stork - Systematics
... the radical and influential Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy greatly enlarged the Ciconiiformes, adding many more families, including most of those usually ... The flamingo family, Phoenicopteridae, is related, and is sometimes classed as part of the Ciconiiformes ... evidence suggests that the traditional Ciconiiformes should be split between two lineages, rather than expanded, although some non-traditional Ciconiiformes may be included in these two lineages ...
Taxonomic Issues With Ciconiiformes
... Accordingly, the radical and influential Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy greatly enlarged the Ciconiiformes, adding many more families, including most of those usually regarded ... is related, and is sometimes classed as part of the Ciconiiformes ... morphological evidence suggests that the traditional Ciconiiformes should be split between two lineages, rather than expanded, although some non-traditional ...
Falconiformes - Classification Problems
... more closely related to the storks, and so belong either in the stork's order Ciconiiformes, or in their own separate order, the Cathartiformes ... taxonomy, in which all the raptors are placed into Ciconiiformes, but the Cathartids are considered to be outside the lineage that includes other raptors ... While the latter may be correct, the "Ciconiiformes" sensu Sibley and Ahlquist are a paraphyletic, artificial assemblage and one of the weakest points of their classification scheme ...