List of Endangered Languages in North America - USA

USA
Language Comments Speakers Source ISO 639-3 Ethnologue entry
Achumawi language 10 nonfluent speakers (1997 Nevin) 1,000 (1997 Bruce Nevin). Ethnologue acv Achumawi language
Alutiiq language 30 speakers (2009) 1,000 . Ethnologue acv Alutiiq language
Ahtena language 80 (1995 M Krauss) 500 (1995 M Krauss). Ethnologue aht Ahtena language
Kiowa Apache language 18 (1990 census) 1,000 (1977 SIL). Ethnologue apk Kiowa Apache language
Lipan Apache language 2 or 3 (1981 R W Young) 100 (1977 SIL). Ethnologue apl Lipan Apache language
Arikara language 20 (1997 Parks) 3,000. Ethnologue ari Arikara language
Atsugewi language 3 (1994 L Hinton) 200 (1977 SIL)1,350 with Achumawi (2000 A Yamamoto). Ethnologue atw Atsugewi language
Caddo language 25 (1997 Chafe) 3,371 (1997 W Chafe). Ethnologue cad Caddo language
Cahuilla language 7 to 20 (1994 L Hinton) 35 (1990 census). Ethnologue chl Cahuilla language
Chetco language 5 (1962 Chafe) 100 possibly (1977 SIL). Ethnologue ctc Chetco language
Chinook language 12 speakers of Kiksht dialect (1996) 300 possibly (1977 SIL). Ethnologue chh Chinook language
Chinook Wawa language 17 in the USA (1990 census). Ethnologue chn Chinook Wawa language
Clallam language 10 (1997 Timothy Montler) Several thousands (1997 T Montler). Ethnologue clm Clallam language
Coeur d'Alene language 5 (1999 R McDonald) 800 (1977 SIL). Ethnologue crd Coeur d'Alene language
Comanche language less than 130 (less than 1% of 13,000 tribal members as of 2006) www.comanchelanguage.org
Coos language 1 or 2 (1962 Chafe) 250 (1977 SIL). Ethnologue csz Coos language
Degexit'an language 20 to 30 (1997 Sharon Hargus) 250 to 300 (1997 M Krauss). Ethnologue ing Degexit'an language
Gros Ventre language 10 (1977 SIL)Very few semispeakers in 2000 (2001 Goddard) 1,200 (1977 SIL). Ethnologue ats Gros Ventre language
Northern Haida language 15 in the USA (1995 M Krauss) 600 in the USA (1995 M Krauss). Ethnologue hdn Northern Haida language
Han language 7 or 8 in Alaska (1995 M Krauss)Population total all countries: 14 300. Ethnologue haa Han language
Hawai'i Pidgin Sign Language A few users out of about 6,000 profoundly deaf people in Hawaii (1987 Honolulu Star-Bulletin), 72,000 deaf or hard-of-hearing people in Hawaii (1998 Honolulu Advertiser). Ethnologue hps Hawai'i Pidgin Sign Language
Holikachuk language 12 (1995 M Krauss) 200 (1995 M Krauss). Ethnologue hoi Holikachuk language
Hupa language 8 (1998 Brook) 2,000. Ethnologue hup Hupa language
Kalapuya language 1 or 2 (1962 Chafe). Ethnologue kyl Kalapuya language
Kansa language 19 (1990 census) 250 (1986 SIL). Ethnologue ksk Kansa language
Karok language 10 (1997 William Bright) 1,900 (2000 A Yamamoto). Ethnologue kyh Karok language
Kashaya language 45 (1994 L Hinton). Ethnologue kju Kashaya language
Kawaiisu language 8 to 10 (2000 L Hinton) 35 (2000 A Yamamoto). Ethnologue xaw Kawaiisu language
Klamath-Modoc language 1 (1998 N.Y Times, April 9, p A20) 2,000 (1997 Scott DeLancey). Ethnologue kla Klamath-Modoc language
Upper Kuskokwim language 40 (1995 Krauss)3 households (1997) 160 (1995 Krauss). Ethnologue kuu Upper Kuskokwim language
Kutenai language 6 in the USA (2002). Ethnologue kut Kutenai language
Luiseño language 30 to 40 (2000 L Hinton) 2,000 (2000 A Yamamoto). Ethnologue lui Luiseño language
Lushootseed language 60 (1990 M D Kinkade)Population evenly divided between the northern and southern dialects 2,000 (1990 M D Kinkade). Ethnologue lut Lushootseed language
Northeast Maidu language 1 to 2 (1994 L Hinton) 108 (1990 census). Ethnologue nmu Northeast Maidu language
Northwest Maidu language 3 to 6 (1994 L Hinton) 200 (1977 SIL). Ethnologue mjd Northwest Maidu language
Mandan language 6 (1992 M Krauss) 400 (1986 SIL and 1997 M Mixco). Ethnologue mhq Mandan language
Menominee language 39 (3,500 ethnic) (1977 SIL). Ethnologue mez Menominee language
Central Sierra Miwok language 12 Population includes 6 Eastern Central Sierra, 6 Western Central Sierra (1994 L Hinton) Possibly 5,000 all Miwok (2000 Yamamoto). Ethnologue csm Central Sierra Miwok language
Lake Miwok language 1 to 2 (1994 L Hinton). Ethnologue lmw Lake Miwok language
Northern Sierra Miwok language 6 (1994 L Hinton). Ethnologue nsq Northern Sierra Miwok language
Plains Miwok language 1 (1962 H Landar in Sebeok 1977). Ethnologue pmw Plains Miwok language
Southern Sierra Miwok language 7 Southern Central Sierra Miwok (1994 L Hinton). Ethnologue skd Southern Sierra Miwok language
Mono language Western Mono: 37 to 41 (1994 L Hinton) Population includes 10-12 North Fork, 15 Auberry, 7-8 Big Sandy, 5-6 Dunlap, no Waksachi.
Eastern Mono: 50 (1994 L Hinton)
600 (2000 A Yamamoto).
Ethnologue mnr Mono language
Nisenan language 1 (1994 L Hinton). Ethnologue nsz Nisenan language
Osage language 5 (1991 M Krauss) 15,000 (1997 Carolyn Quintero). Ethnologue osa Osage language
Panamint language 20 100 (1998 John E McLaughlin). Ethnologue par Panamint language
Pawnee language 20 (1997 Parks) 2,500 (1997 Parks). Ethnologue paw Pawnee language
Central Pomo language 2 to 5 (1997 Mithun) 4,766 (1997 Mithun). Ethnologue poo Central Pomo language
Southeastern Pomo language 5 (1994 L Hinton). Ethnologue pom Southeastern Pomo language
Southern Pomo language 1 (1994 L Hinton). Ethnologue peq Southern Pomo language
Quapaw language 34 (1990 census) 2,000 (1986 SIL). Ethnologue qua Quapaw language
Quileute language 10 (1977 SIL) 300 (1977 SIL). Ethnologue qui Quileute language
Richardian language 1 (2010 census) Ethnologue rth Richardian language
Straits Salish language Ethnologue str Straits Salish language
Serrano language 1 (1994 Coker). Ethnologue ser Serrano language
Snohomish language 10 (1998 J Brooke) 800 (1977 SIL). Ethnologue sno Snohomish language
Tanacross language 35 (1997 G Holton)Population includes 3 in the Healy Lake dialect, 32 in Mansfield-Ketchumstuck 120 (1997 G Holton). Ethnologue tcb Tanacross language
Tanaina language 75 (1997 M Krauss) 900 (1997 M Krauss). Ethnologue tfn Tanaina language
Lower Tanana language 30 (1995 M Krauss) 380 (1995 M Krauss). Ethnologue taa Lower Tanana language
Tolowa language 4 to 5 (1994 Hinton) 1,000 (2000 Yamamoto). Ethnologue tol Tolowa language
Tübatulabal language 6 900 (2000 Yamamoto). Ethnologue tub Tübatulabal language
Tuscarora language 4 to 5 in the USA (1997 Mithun) 1,200 in the USA (1997 Mithun). Ethnologue tus Tuscarora language
Tututni language 10 (1962 Chafe). Ethnologue tuu Tututni language
Wasco-Wishram language 69 (1990 census)7 monolinguals 750 possibly (1977 SIL). Ethnologue wac Wasco-Wishram language
Washo language 10 (1998 J Brooke) 1,500 (2000 A Yamamoto). Ethnologue was Washo language
Wichita language 3 (2000 Brian Levy) 1,400 (2000 David S Rood). Ethnologue wic Wichita language
Wintu language 5 or 6 (1997 Shepherd) 2,244 (1997 Shepherd) Ethnologue wit Wintu language
Yokutsan languages 78 speakers of Northern Foothill Yokuts (1990 census) 2,500 (2000 A Yamamoto). Ethnologue yok Yokuts language
Yuchi language 10 to 12 (1997 Mary Linn) 1,500 (1977 SIL). Ethnologue yuc Yuchi language
Yurok language 12 (2002 Goddard) 3,000 to 4,500 possibly (1982 SIL). Ethnologue yur Yurok language

Read more about this topic:  List Of Endangered Languages In North America

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