List Of Counties In Indiana
The U.S. state of Indiana has 92 counties. Each county serves as the local level of government within its borders. Although Indiana was organized into the United States since the Northwest Ordinance in 1787, its land was not always available for settlement. Eventually, land was purchased from Native Americans by treaties and Indian removals. The oldest counties are generally in the south near the Ohio River, whereas newer ones were in the north in territory acquired later. The oldest and newest counties in Indiana are Knox County, created in 1790, and Newton County, created in 1859.
As of the 2000 United States Census, the population of Indiana was 6,045,485, the average population of Indiana's 92 counties is 65,712, with Marion County as the most populous (903,393), and Ohio County (5,623) the least. 54 counties have 30,000 or more people; 16 counties have populations exceeding 100,000, five of which exceed 250,000; and only five counties have fewer than 10,000 people. The average land area is 396 square miles (1,030 km2). The largest county is Allen (657 sq. mi., 1,702 km²) and the smallest is Ohio (87 sq. mi., 225 km²). According to the Constitution of Indiana, no county may be created of less than 400 square miles (1,000 km2), nor may any county smaller than this be further reduced in size.
County government in Indiana consists of two bodies, the county council and the commissioners. Government of Indiana#County government
Many Indiana counties are named for United States Founding Fathers and personalities of the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812 and Battle of Tippecanoe; early leaders of Indiana Territory and Indiana, as well as surrounding states like Michigan and Kentucky; plus Native American tribes and geographical features.
The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry. Indiana's code is 18, which when combined with any county code would be written as 18XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county.
Read more about List Of Counties In Indiana: List of Counties
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... The 26 northernmost counties that make up the Texas Panhandle include Armstrong County Briscoe County Carson County Castro County Childress County Collingsworth County Dallam County Deaf Smith ...
... Hartford City 01838-02-15February 15, 1838 Jay County Judge Isaac Blackford, Speaker of the Indiana House of Representatives and Chief Justice of the Indiana Supreme Court. 043 New Albany 01819-01-02January 2, 1819 Clark and Harrison Counties Col ... Gibson County 051 Princeton 01813-04-01April 1, 1813 Knox County John Gibson, secretary of the Indiana Territory 700433503000000000033,503 7002526000000000000526 sq mi (70031362000000000001,3 ...
... Of these 30 were elected by the 33 Scottish counties, while 15 were elected from the Scottish boroughs (called burghs in Scotland) ... Twenty-seven counties elected one member each (this included Orkney and Shetland, which were strictly speaking not counties but fiefs of the Crown, but were treated as if they were a county) ... The six smallest counties were grouped together into three groups of two (Buteshire and Caithness, Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire, and Nairnshire and Cromartyshire), with one of each pair ...
... The vice counties, used for biological recording throughout Great Britain and Ireland since 1852, are largely based on historic county boundaries ... They ignore all exclaves and are modified by subdividing large counties and merging smaller areas into neighbouring counties ...
... England had been divided into counties (or shires) since Anglo-Saxon times, and these formed the first basis of representation ... Before 1536 England had 39 counties (see list below), electing 78 knights of the shire ... When Wales was formally annexed to England in 1536, each of the 12 Welsh counties elected one knight of the shire ...
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