List of Biographical Films - Before 1950

Before 1950

Year Film Subject(s) Lead actor or actress
1900 Jeanne d'Arc Joan of Arc Bleuette Bernon
1905 The Life of Charles Peace Charles Peace Walter Haggar
1906 The Story of the Kelly Gang Ned Kelly Frank Mills
1909 Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven Harry Baur
1909 The Life of Moses Moses Pat Hartigan
1909 Saul and David King David Maurice Costello
King Saul William V. Ranous
1910 Pyotr Velikiy Peter the Great Pyotr Voinov
1911 Sweet Nell of Old Drury Nell Gwyn Nellie Stewart
Charles II of England Augustus Neville
1912 Custer's Last Fight George Armstrong Custer Francis Ford
1912 From the Manger to the Cross Jesus Robert Henderson-Bland
1913 Adrienne Lecouvreur Adrienne Lecouvreur Sarah Bernhardt
1913 Beating Back Al Jennings Al Jennings
1913 The Life and Works of Richard Wagner Richard Wagner Giuseppe Becce
1913 Sixty Years a Queen Queen Victoria Louie Henri
1914 Home, Sweet Home John Howard Payne Henry B. Walthall
1914 Judith of Bethulia Judith Blanche Sweet
1914 The Life of General Villa Pancho Villa Raoul Walsh
1915 Florence Nightingale Florence Nightingale Elisabeth Risdon
1915 Mistress Nell Nell Gwyn Mary Pickford
1915 The Raven Edgar Allan Poe Henry B. Walthall
1916 David Garrick David Garrick Dustin Farnum
1916 Davy Crockett Davy Crockett Dustin Farnum
1916 Disraeli Benjamin Disraeli Dennis Eadie
1916 Joan the Woman Joan of Arc Geraldine Farrar
1917 Betsy Ross Betsy Ross Alice Brady
1917 Cleopatra Cleopatra VII Theda Bara
1917 The conqueror Sam Houston William Farnum
1917 The Fall of the Romanovs Nicholas II of Russia Alfred Hickman
Alexandra Feodorovna Nance O'Neil
1917 The Lincoln Cycle Abraham Lincoln Benjamin Chapin
1917 My Father Abraham Lincoln Benjamin Chapin
1917 My Mother Abraham Lincoln Benjamin Chapin
1917 Myself Abraham Lincoln Benjamin Chapin
1917 Rasputin, the Black Monk Grigori Rasputin Montagu Love
1918 Casanova Giacomo Casanova Alfréd Deésy
1918 Men Who Have Made Love to Me Mary MacLane Mary MacLane
1918 The Life Story of David Lloyd George Norman Page David Lloyd George
1918 Why America Will Win John J. Pershing Harris Gordon
1918 The Woman the Germans Shot Edith Cavell Julia Arthur
1919 Deliverance Helen Keller Ann Mason
1919 The Fighting Roosevelts Theodore Roosevelt Herbert Bradshaw
1919 Private Peat Harold R. Peat Harold R. Peat
1920 Das Schweigen am Starnbergersee Ludwig II of Bavaria Ferdinand Bonn
1920 Headin' Home Babe Ruth Babe Ruth
1921 Disraeli Benjamin Disraeli George Arliss
1922 Dick Turpin's Ride to York Dick Turpin Matheson Lang
1922 Nero Nero Jacques Grétillat
1922 Peter the Great Peter the Great Emil Jannings
1922 A Prince of Lovers Lord Byron Howard Gaye
1923 Bonnie Prince Charlie Charles Edward Stuart Ivor Novello
1923 Columbus Christopher Columbus Fred Eric
1923 Friedrich Schiller - Eine Dichterjugend Friedrich Schiller Theodor Loos
1923 Guy Fawkes Guy Fawkes Matheson Lang
1923 Landru, the Bluebeard of Paris Henri Désiré Landru Wilhelm Sichra
1923 The Little Napoleon Napoleon Egon von Hagen
1923 Paganini Niccolò Paganini Conrad Veidt
1923 The Ten Commandments Moses Theodore Roberts
1924 Beau Brummel Beau Brummel John Barrymore
1924 The Dramatic Life of Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln George A. Billings
1925 Karel Havlíček Borovský Karel Havlíček Borovský Jan W. Speerger
1926 Davy Crockett at the Fall of the Alamo Davy Crockett Cullen Landis
1926 Josef Kajetán Tyl Josef Kajetán Tyl Zdenek Stepánek
1926 The Life Story of Charles Chaplin Charlie Chaplin Chick Wango
1926 Nell Gwyn Nell Gwyn Dorothy Gish
1926 Nelson Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson Cedric Hardwicke
1927 The King of Kings Jesus H. B. Warner
1927 The Loves of Casanova Giacomo Casanova Ivan Mozzhukhin
1927 Napoléon Napoleon Bonaparte Albert Dieudonné
1928 Dream of Love Adrienne Lecouvreur Joan Crawford
1928 Luther Martin Luther Eugen Klöpfer
1928 The Passion of Joan of Arc Joan of Arc Renée Jeanne Falconetti
1928 The Patriot Tsar Paul I of Russia Emil Jannings
1929 Die Königsloge Edmund Kean Alexander Moissi
1928 Tracy the Outlaw Harry Tracy Jack Hoy
1928 Una nueva y gloriosa nación Manuel Belgrano Francis X. Bushman
1929 Disraeli Benjamin Disraeli George Arliss
1929 Pierwsza milosc Kosciuszki Tadeusz Kościuszko Sykstus Lewicki
1930 Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln Walter Huston
1930 Billy the Kid Billy the Kid Johnny Mack Brown
1930 Dreyfus Alfred Dreyfus Fritz Kortner
1930 A Lady's Morals Jenny Lind Grace Moore
1930 The Loves of Robert Burns Robert Burns Joseph Hislop
1930 Ludwig der Zweite, König von Bayern Ludwig II of Bavaria William Dieterle
1931 Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton George Arliss
1931 Dreyfus Alfred Dreyfus Cedric Hardwicke
1931 A Portuguesa de Nápoles Eleonora Fonseca Pimentel Maria do Ceu Foz
1931 Yorck Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg Werner Krauss
1932 El canto del ruiseñor Julián Gayarre José Romeu
1932 House of Death Fyodor Dostoyevsky Nikolai Khmelyov
1932 Jenny Lind Jenny Lind Grace Moore
1932 Rasputin and the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna Ethel Barrymore
Grigori Rasputin Lionel Barrymore
1933 The Private Life of Henry VIII Henry VIII Charles Laughton
1933 Queen Christina Queen Christina of Sweden Greta Garbo
1933 Voltaire Voltaire George Arliss
1934 The Barretts of Wimpole Street Elizabeth Barrett Browning Norma Shearer
Robert Browning Fredric March
1934 Cleopatra Cleopatra VII Claudette Colbert
1934 The House of Rothschild Mayer Rothschild George Arliss
1934 The Iron Duke Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington George Arliss
1934 Love Time Franz Schubert Nils Asther
1934 The Mighty Barnum P. T. Barnum Wallace Beery
1934 Nell Gwynn Nell Gwynn Anna Neagle
1934 The Rise of Catherine the Great Catherine II of Russia Elisabeth Bergner
1934 The Scarlet Empress Catherine II "The Great" of Russia Marlene Dietrich
1934 Strauss' Great Waltz Johann Strauss II Esmond Knight
Johann Strauss I Edmund Gwenn
1934 Unfinished Symphony Franz Schubert Hans Jaray
1934 Viva Villa! Pancho Villa Wallace Beery
1934 Waltzes from Vienna Johann Strauss II Esmond Knight
1934 Za ranních cervánku Josef Dobrovský Karel Hasler
1935 Annie Oakley Annie Oakley Barbara Stanwyck
1935 Clive of India Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive Ronald Colman
1935 Diamond Jim Diamond Jim Brady Edward Arnold
1935 Drake the Pirate Francis Drake Matheson Lang
1935 Harmony Lane Stephen Foster Douglass Montgomery
1935 Milan Rastislav Štefánik Milan Rastislav Štefánik Zvonimir Rogoz
1935 Napoléon Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte Albert Dieudonné
1935 The Story of Louis Pasteur Louis Pasteur Paul Muni
1936 Bocage Manuel Maria Barbosa du Bocage Raul de Carvalho
1936 Daniel Boone Daniel Boone George O'Brien
1936 The Great Ziegfeld Florenz Ziegfeld Jr. William Powell
1936 Hearts Divided Elizabeth Patterson Bonaparte Marion Davies
Jérôme Bonaparte Dick Powell
1936 King August the Strong Augustus II the Strong Michael Bohnen
1936 Let's Go With Pancho Villa Pancho Villa Domingo Soler
1936 The Life and Loves of Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven Harry Baur
1936 Mary of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots Katharine Hepburn
1936 The Plainsman Wild Bill Hickok Gary Cooper
1936 The Prisoner of Shark Island Samuel Mudd Warner Baxter
1936 Rembrandt Rembrandt Charles Laughton
1936 Rhodes of Africa Cecil Rhodes Walter Huston
1936 Robin Hood of El Dorado Joaquin Murrieta Warner Baxter
1936 The White Angel Florence Nightingale Kay Francis
1937 Auld Lang Syne Robert Burns Andrew Cruickshank
1937 Fire Over England Elizabeth I of England Flora Robson
1937 The Great Garrick David Garrick Brian Aherne
1937 The Great John Ericsson John Ericsson Victor Sjöström
1937 La paloma Charlotte of Belgium Medea de Novara
1937 Lenin in October Vladimir Lenin Boris Shchukin
1937 The Life of Emile Zola Émile Zola Paul Muni
1937 Parnell Charles Stewart Parnell Clark Gable
1937 Peter the First Peter the Great Nikolai Simonov
1937 The Toast of New York James Fisk Edward Arnold
1937 Victoria the Great Queen Victoria Anna Neagle
1937 William Tindale William Tyndale Alan Wheatley
1937 Young Pushkin Alexander Pushkin Valentin Litovsky
1938 Adrienne Lecouvreur Adrienne Lecouvreur Yvonne Printemps
1938 The Adventures of Marco Polo Marco Polo Gary Cooper
1938 Alexander Nevsky Alexander Nevsky Nikolay Cherkasov
1938 Boys Town Edward J. Flanagan Spencer Tracy
1938 The Childhood of Maxim Gorky Maxim Gorky Aleksei Lyarsky
1938 The Great Waltz Johann Strauss II Fernand Gravey
1938 The Life of Chopin Frédéric Chopin Frank Henderson
1938 Marie Antoinette Marie Antoinette Norma Shearer
1938 That Mothers Might Live Ignaz Semmelweis Shepperd Strudwick
1938 Pugachev Yemelyan Pugachev Yevgeny Matveyev
1938 Rasputin Grigori Rasputin Harry Baur
1938 Saint Theresa of Lisieux Thérèse of Lisieux Irène Corday
1938 Sixty Glorious Years Queen Victoria Anna Neagle
1939 Conquest of Peter the Great Peter the Great Nikolai Simonov
1939 The Flying Irishman Douglas Corrigan Douglas Corrigan
1939 Frontier Marshal Wyatt Earp Randolph Scott
1939 The Great Victor Herbert Victor Herbert Allan Jones
1939 Immortal Waltz Johann Strauss I Paul Hörbiger
1939 Jesse James Jesse James Tyrone Power
1939 Juarez Benito Juárez Paul Muni
1939 Kaiss wa leila Qays Badr Lama
Layla Al-Aamiriya Amina Rizk
1939 Lenin in 1918 Vladimir Lenin Boris Shchukin
1939 The Mad Empress Charlotte of Belgium Medea de Novara
1939 Man of Conquest Sam Houston Richard Dix
1939 Mulan Joins the Army Hua Mulan Chen Yunchang
1939 Nurse Edith Cavell Edith Cavell Anna Neagle
1939 On His Own Maxim Gorky Aleksei Lyarsky
1939 The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex Elizabeth I of England Bette Davis
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex Errol Flynn
1939 Robert Koch, der Bekämpfer des Todes Robert Koch Emil Jannings
1939 The Story of Alexander Graham Bell Alexander Graham Bell Don Ameche
1939 The Story of Vernon and Irene Castle Vernon Castle Fred Astaire
Irene Castle Ginger Rogers
1939 Young Mr. Lincoln Abraham Lincoln Henry Fonda
1940 Abe Lincoln in Illinois Abraham Lincoln Raymond Massey
1940 Bismarck Otto von Bismarck Paul Hartmann
1940 Brigham Young Brigham Young Dean Jagger
1940 Confcius Confucius Tang Huaiqiu
1940 Das Herz der Königin Mary, Queen of Scots Zarah Leander
1940 A Dispatch from Reuter's Paul Reuter Edward G. Robinson
1940 Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet Paul Ehrlich Edward G. Robinson
1940 Edison, the Man Thomas A. Edison Spencer Tracy
1940 The Heart of a Queen Mary, Queen of Scots Zarah Leander
1940 Kit Carson Kit Carson Jon Hall
1940 Knute Rockne, All American Knute Rockne Pat O'Brien
1940 Lillian Russell Lillian Russell Alice Faye
1940 Lady with Red Hair Mrs. Leslie Carter Miriam Hopkins
1940 Rambrandt Rembrandt Jules Verstraete
1940 The Return of Frank James Frank James Henry Fonda
1940 The Rothschilds Nathan Mayer Rothschild Carl Kuhlmann
1940 Santa Fe Trail J.E.B. Stuart Errol Flynn
1940 Semmelweis Ignaz Semmelweis Tivadar Uray
1940 Swanee River Stephen Foster Don Ameche
1940 The Westerner Judge Roy Bean Walter Brennan
1940 Young Tom Edison Thomas A. Edison Mickey Rooney
1941 Belle Starr Belle Starr Gene Tierney
1941 Blossoms in the Dust Edna Gladney Greer Garson
1941 Carl Peters Karl Peters Hans Albers
1941 Die schwedische Nachtigall Jenny Lind Ilse Werner
1941 Friedemann Bach Wilhelm Friedemann Bach Gustaf Gründgens
1941 Hudson's Bay Pierre-Esprit Radisson Paul Muni
Médard des Groseilliers Laird Cregar
1941 Moi universitety Maxim Gorky Nikolai Valbert
1941 Ohm Krüger Paul Kruger Emil Jannings
1941 The Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli John Gielgud
1941 Sergeant York Alvin York Gary Cooper
1941 Suvorov Alexander Suvorov Nikolai Cherkasov-Sergeyev
1941 That Hamilton Woman Emma Hamilton Vivien Leigh
Lord Horatio Nelson Laurence Olivier
1941 Stepan Razin Stenka Razin Andrei Abrikosov
1941 They Died with Their Boots On George Armstrong Custer Errol Flynn
1941 You Will Remember Leslie Stuart Robert Morley
1942 Diesel Rudolf Diesel Willy Birgel
1942 The First of the Few R. J. Mitchell Leslie Howard
1942 Gentleman Jim James J. Corbett Errol Flynn
1942 The Great Mr. Handel George Frideric Handel Wilfrid Lawson
1942 Here Will I Nest Thomas Talbot John Sullivan
1942 La Symphonie fantastique Hector Berlioz Jean-Louis Barrault
1942 The Loves of Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allan Poe Shepperd Strudwick
1942 My Gal Sal Paul Dresser Victor Mature
1942 The Pride of the Yankees Lou Gehrig Gary Cooper
1942 Rembrandt Rembrandt Ewald Balser
1942 Rossini Gioachino Rossini Nino Besozzi
1942 Simón Bolívar Simón Bolívar Carlos Orellana
1942 Tennessee Johnson Andrew Johnson Van Heflin
1942 Wen die Götter lieben Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Hans Holt
1942 Yankee Doodle Dandy George M. Cohan James Cagney
1942 The Young Mr Pitt William Pitt the Younger Robert Donat
1943 Der Unendliche Weg Friedrich List Eugen Klöpfer
1943 Dixie Daniel Decatur Emmett Bing Crosby
1943 Forja de almas Andrés Manjón Raúl Cancio
1943 The Iron Major Frank Cavanaugh Pat O'Brien
1943 Is Everybody Happy? Ted Lewis Michael Duane
1943 Jack London Jack London Michael O'Shea
1943 Madame Curie Marie Curie Greer Garson
Pierre Curie Walter Pidgeon
1943 The Song of Bernadette Bernadette Soubirous Jennifer Jones
1943 Wien 1910 Karl Lueger Rudolf Forster
1944 The Adventures of Mark Twain Mark Twain Fredric March
1944 Buffalo Bill Buffalo Bill Joel McCrea
1944 The Fighting Sullivans Sullivan brothers
1944 The Great Moment William T. G. Morton Joel McCrea
1944 Henry V Henry V of England Laurence Olivier
1944 The Hitler Gang Adolf Hitler Bobby Watson
1944 Ivan the Terrible Ivan IV of Russia Nikolay Cherkasov
1944 La Malibran Maria Malibran Geori-Boué
1944 Roger Touhy, Gangster Roger Touhy Preston Foster
1944 Shine on Harvest Moon Nora Bayes Ann Sheridan
Jack Norworth Dennis Morgan
1944 Su mejor alumno Domingo Faustino Sarmiento Enrique Muiño
1944 Wilson Woodrow Wilson Alexander Knox
1944 Zoya Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya Galina Vodyanitskaya
1945 Caesar and Cleopatra Julius Caesar and Cleopatra VII Claude Rains and Vivien Leigh
1945 Captain Eddie Eddie Rickenbacker Fred MacMurray
1945 Captain Kidd William Kidd Charles Laughton
1945 Dillinger John Dillinger Lawrence Tierney
1945 The Dolly Sisters Janszieka "Jenny" Dolly Betty Grable
Rozsika "Rosie" Dolly June Haver
1945 God Is My Co-Pilot Robert Lee Scott, Jr. Dennis Morgan
1945 Incendiary Blonde Texas Guinan Betty Hutton
1945 Pride of the Marines Al Schmid John Garfield
1945 Rhapsody in Blue George Gershwin Robert Alda
1945 A Royal Scandal Catherine II of Russia Tallulah Bankhead
1945 A Song to Remember Frédéric Chopin Cornel Wilde
1946 Anna and the King of Siam Anna Leonowens Irene Dunne
1946 Camões Luís de Camões Antonio Vilar
1946 Devotion Charlotte Brontë Olivia de Havilland
Emily Brontë Ida Lupino
Anne Brontë Nancy Coleman
1946 Gallant Journey John Joseph Montgomery Glenn Ford
1946 The Great Glinka Mikhail Glinka Boris Chirkov
1946 The Jolson Story Al Jolson Larry Parks
1946 The Magic Bow Niccolò Paganini Stewart Granger
1946 Night and Day Cole Porter Cary Grant
1946 The Magic Bow Niccolò Paganini Stewart Granger
1946 The Razor's Edge W. Somerset Maugham Herbert Marshall
1946 Sister Kenny Elizabeth Kenny Rosalind Russell
1946 So Goes My Love Hiram Percy Maxim Don Ameche
1946 Till the Clouds Roll By Jerome Kern Robert Walker
1947 Albéniz Isaac Albéniz Pedro López Lagar
1947 The Fabulous Dorseys Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey
1947 Monsieur Vincent Vincent de Paul Pierre Fresnay
1947 My Wild Irish Rose Chancellor Olcott Dennis Morgan
1947 The Perils of Pauline Pearl White Betty Hutton
1947 Seine einzige Liebe Franz Schubert Franz Böheim
1947 Song of Love Clara Schumann and Robert Schumann Katharine Hepburn and Paul Henreid
1947 Song of Scheherazade Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Jean-Pierre Aumont
1948 The Babe Ruth Story Babe Ruth William Bendix
1948 Bonnie Prince Charlie Charles Edward Stuart David Niven
1948 Brindis a Manolete Manolete Pedro Ortega
1948 El marqués de Salamanca José de Salamanca, 1st Count of los Llanos Fernando Aguirre
1948 The Iron Curtain Igor Gouzenko Dana Andrews
1948 Joan of Arc Joan of Arc Ingrid Bergman
1948 The Lame Devil (Le Diable boiteux) Talleyrand Sacha Guitry
1948 Macbeth Macbeth of Scotland Orson Welles
1948 Man to Men Henry Dunant Jean-Louis Barrault
1948 Saraband Philip Christoph von Königsmarck Stewart Granger
1948 The Mozart Story Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Hans Holt
1948 Words and Music Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart Tom Drake and Mickey Rooney
1949 Alexander Popov Alexander Stepanovich Popov Nikolay Cherkasov
1949 Almafuerte Pedro Bonifacio Palacios Narciso Ibáñez Menta
1949 Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus Fredric March
1949 Docteur Laennec René Laennec Pierre Blanchar
1949 Eroica Ludwig van Beethoven Ewald Balser
1949 Heaven over the marshes Maria Goretti Inés Orsini
1949 Hen. Gregorio del Pilar Gregorio del Pilar Jose Padilla, Jr.
1949 Padre Burgos Jose Burgos Jaime de la Rosa
1949 Ivan Pavlov Ivan Pavlov Aleksandr Borisov
1949 Jolson Sings Again Al Jolson Larry Parks
1949 Life of St. Paul Series Paul the Apostle Nelson Leigh
1949 Orpopojan valssi J. Alfred Tanner Sakari Halonen
1949 Samson and Delilah Samson and Delilah Victor Mature and Hedy Lamarr
1949 The Stratton Story Monty Stratton James Stewart
1949 Young Girls of Vienna Karl Michael Ziehrer Willi Forst
1949 The Bad Lord Byron Lord Byron Dennis Price

Read more about this topic:  List Of Biographical Films

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