Liquid Explosives - Properties of Explosive Materials - Chemical Composition - Mixture of Oxidizer and Fuel

Mixture of Oxidizer and Fuel

An oxidizer is a pure substance (molecule) that in a chemical reaction can contribute some atoms of one or more oxidizing elements, in which the fuel component of the explosive burns. On the simplest level, the oxidizer may itself be an oxidizing element, such as gaseous or liquid oxygen.

  • Black powder: Potassium nitrate, charcoal and sulfur
  • Flash powder: Fine metal powder (usually aluminium or magnesium) and a strong oxidizer (e.g. potassium chlorate or perchlorate).
  • Ammonal: Ammonium nitrate and aluminium powder.
  • Armstrong's mixture: Potassium chlorate and red phosphorus. This is a very sensitive mixture. It is a primary high explosive in which sulfur is substituted for some or all of the phosphorus to slightly decrease sensitivity.
  • Sprengel explosives: A very general class incorporating any strong oxidizer and highly reactive fuel, although in practice the name was most commonly applied to mixtures of chlorates and nitroaromatics.
    • ANFO: Ammonium nitrate and fuel oil.
    • Cheddites: Chlorates or perchlorates and oil.
    • Oxyliquits: Mixtures of organic materials and liquid oxygen.
    • Panclastites: Mixtures of organic materials and dinitrogen tetroxide.

Read more about this topic:  Liquid Explosives, Properties of Explosive Materials, Chemical Composition

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