Linguistics - Schools of Thought - Structuralism

Structuralism

Early in the 20th century, Saussure introduced the idea of language as a static system of interconnected units, defined through the oppositions between them. By introducing a distinction between diachronic to synchronic analyses of language, he laid the foundation of the modern discipline of linguistics. Saussure also introduced several basic dimensions of linguistic analysis that are still foundational in many contemporary linguistic theories, such as the distinctions between syntagm and paradigm, and the langue- parole distinction, distinguishing language as an abstract system (langue) from language as a concrete manifestation of this system (parole). Substantial additional contributions following Saussure's definition of a structural approach to language came from The Prague school, Leonard Bloomfield, Charles F. Hockett, Louis Hjelmslev, Émile Benveniste and Roman Jakobson.

Read more about this topic:  Linguistics, Schools of Thought

Other articles related to "structuralism":

Poststructuralists - Major Works - Derrida's Lecture At Johns Hopkins
... The occasional designation of post-structuralism as a movement can be tied to the fact that mounting criticism of structuralism became evident at approximately the same time that ... appears in collections as a manifesto against structuralism ... Derrida's essay was one of the earliest to propose some theoretical limitations to structuralism, and to attempt to theorize on terms that were clearly no longer structuralist ...
Poststructuralists - Post-structuralism and Structuralism
... Structuralism was an intellectual movement in France in the 1950s and 1960s that studied the underlying structures in cultural products (such as texts) and used analytical concepts from ... Post-structuralism offers a way of studying how knowledge is produced and critiques structuralist premises ...
Structuralism (architecture)
... Structuralism as a movement in architecture and urban planning evolved around the middle of the 20th century ... Structuralism in a general sense is a mode of thought of the 20th century, which came about in different places, at different times and in different fields ... At the beginning of the general article Structuralism the following explanations are noted "Structuralism is a theoretical paradigm emphasizing that elements of culture must be understood in terms of ...
Structuralism (architecture) - Various Movements and Directions
... do not believe that we can still speak of one structuralism ... However, architectural structuralism has an autonomy that does not comply with all the principles of structuralism in human sciences ...