Library and Information Science

Library and information science (LIS) (sometimes given as the plural library and information sciences) is a merging of the two fields library science and information science. The phrase "library and information science" is associated with schools of library and information science (abbreviated to "SLIS"), which generally developed from professional training programs (not academic disciplines) to university institutions during the second half of the twentieth century. In the last part of 1960s schools of librarianship began to add the term "information science" to their names. The first school to do this was at the University of Pittsburgh in 1964. More schools followed during the 1970s and 1980s, and by the 1990s almost all library schools in the USA had added information science to their names. The trend was more for the adoption of information technology rather than the concept of a science.

A similar development has taken place in large parts of the world. In Denmark, for example, the 'Royal School of Librarianship' in 1997 changed its English name to The Royal School of Library and Information Science. Another indication of this name shift is that Library Science Abstracts in 1969 changed its name to Library and Information Science Abstracts. In spite of this merge are the two original disciplines (library science and information science) still by some considered to be separate fields while the main tendency today is to use the terms as synonyms, but with different connotations.

In some parts of the world the development has been somewhat different. In France, for example, information science and communication studies form one interdiscipline. In Tromsö, Norway documentation science is preferred as the name of the field.

In the beginning of the 21st century one tendency has been to drop the term "library" and to speak about information departments or I-schools. There has also been an attempt to revive the concept of documentation and speak of Library, information and documentation studies (or science). Another tendency, for example in Sweden, is to merge the fields of Archival science, Library science and Museology to develop an integrated field: Archival, Library and Museum studies.

Read more about Library And Information Science:  Relations Between Library Science, Information Science and LIS, Difficulties Defining LIS, The Unique Concern of Library and Information Science, LIS Theories, Journals, Conferences, Common Subfields

Other articles related to "library and information science, information science, information, library, and information science, science, library and information sciences":

Library And Information Science - Common Subfields
... Information science General aspects Information access · Information architecture Information management Information retrieval Information seeking · Information ... Library studies c ... Information architecture d ...
Relevance - Library and Information Science
... Recall = a (a + c) X 100%, where a = number of retrieved, relevant documents, c = number of non-retrieved, relevant documents (sometimes termed "silence") ... Recall is thus an expression of how exhaustive a search for documents is ...
School Of Communication And Information (Rutgers University) - Core Faculty Members - Library and Information Science
... Nicholas Belkin (Information Science) Kay Cassell (Reference and Information Science) Marija Dalbello (Social History of Knowledge, Documents, Collections) Carol Gordon (Information Science ... Hastings (Children's Literature) Paul Kantor (Information and Computer Science and Operations Research) Michael Lesk (Information Science) Ya-Ling Lu (Information Science ... Mclnerney (Information Science, Information and Communication Technology, Social Informatics) Stewart Mohr (Knowledge Management, Information Science) Smaranda Muresan (Natural Language ...
Secondary Source - Classification - In Science and Technology - Library and Information Science
... In library and information sciences, secondary sources are generally regarded as those sources that summarize or add commentary to primary sources in the context of the particular information or idea ...

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